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Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:
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Alternative forms[edit]


An extended-grade deverbative < archaic žàsti (speak; awaken); see žadė́ti (promise). Cognate with Latvian zadinât (ridicule, blame; debate). Blažek's connection with Ancient Greek γηθέω (gēthéō, be glad), Tocharian A kācke (joy happiness), Tocharian B katkauña (happiness)[1] < Proto-Indo-European *ǵeh₂dʰ-[2] fails to explain the underlying short vowel, and is, on balance, semantically rather weak. The -õ- is a secondary lengthened grade, as is typical for deverbals in -is.



žõdis m (plural žõdžiai) stress pattern 2

  1. word (smallest meaningful unit of speech)
  2. word, speech, utterance (act of speech, often as opposed to action)
    Apgìnti šãlį víen drąsių̃ žõdžių neužteñka. - Words are not enough to defend your country.
    Žõdžiù, ẽsame paténkinti pasirinkimù. - Basically (= in a word), we're satisfied with our choice.
  3. speech, the right to speak one's mind
    žõdžio láisvė - freedom of speech
  4. word, promise
    Dúok žõdį, kàd ateĩs. - Give me your word that you'll come.


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  1. ^ Václav Blažek (2010) 'Lithuanian žodis "word"' in Baltistica, volume XLV(2), page 306
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 270