žodis

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Lithuanian[edit]

Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lt

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An extended-grade deverbative < archaic žàsti (speak; awaken); see žadė́ti (promise). Cognate with Latvian zadinât (ridicule, blame; debate). Blažek's connection with Ancient Greek γηθέω (gēthéō, be glad), Tocharian A kācke (joy, happiness), Tocharian B katkauña (happiness)[1] < Proto-Indo-European *ǵeh₂dʰ-[2] fails to explain the underlying short vowel, and is, on balance, semantically rather weak. The -õ- is a secondary lengthened grade, as is typical for deverbals in -is.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

žõdis m (plural žõdžiai) stress pattern 2

  1. word (the smallest meaningful unit of speech)
  2. word, speech, utterance (a speech act, often as opposed to action)
    Apgìnti šãlį víen drąsių̃ žõdžių neužteñka.Words are not enough to defend your country.
    Žõdžiù, ẽsame paténkinti pasirinkimù.Basically (= in a word), we're satisfied with our choice.
  3. speech (the right to speak one's mind)
    žõdžio láisvė (freedom of speech)
  4. word, promise
    Dúok žõdį, kàd ateĩs. ― Give me your word that you'll come.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Václav Blažek (2010) 'Lithuanian žodis "word"' in Baltistica, volume XLV(2), page 306
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 270