καρκίνος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Could be from a Proto-Indo-European *karkros, with cognates including Latin cancer, and possibly Sanskrit कर्कट (karkaṭa), although relationship with the latter is less certain. There are elements which point to a non-Indo-European origin, perhaps Pre-Greek.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /kar.kí.nos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /karˈki.nos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /karˈki.nos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /karˈci.nos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /karˈci.nos/
  • Noun[edit]

    καρκῐ́νος (karkínosm (genitive καρκῐ́νου); second declension

    1. crab
    2. Cancer, the zodiac sign
    3. sore, ulcer, cancer
    4. items which resemble a crab's pincers
      1. pair of pincers, a type of torture instrument
      2. temple bones
      3. type of shoe
      4. type of bandage
      5. pair of compasses
      6. still

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    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek καρκίνος (karkínos, crab)

    Noun[edit]

    καρκίνος (karkínosm (plural καρκίνοι)

    1. (medicine) cancer (disease of uncontrolled cellular proliferation)
    2. crab
    3. (astronomy, astrology) Cancer

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