καρκίνος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Could be from a Proto-Indo-European *karkros, with cognates including Latin cancer, and possibly Sanskrit कर्कट ‎(karkaṭa), although relationship with the latter is less certain. There are elements which point to a non-Indo-European origin, perhaps Pre-Greek.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

καρκίνος ‎(karkínosm ‎(genitive καρκίνου); second declension

  1. crab
  2. Cancer, the zodiac sign
  3. sore, ulcer, cancer
  4. items which resemble a crab's pincers
    1. pair of pincers, a type of torture instrument
    2. temple bones
    3. type of shoe
    4. type of bandage
    5. pair of compasses
    6. still

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill

Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek καρκίνος ‎(karkínos, crab)

Noun[edit]

καρκίνος ‎(karkínosm ‎(plural καρκίνοι)

  1. (medicine) cancer (disease of uncontrolled cellular proliferation)
  2. crab
  3. (astronomy, astrology) Cancer

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]