κερασός

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: κέρασος

Ancient Greek[edit]

κερασός
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A loanword of uncertain origin, considering the intervocalic -σ- either Anatolian or Pre-Greek.

Comparison with Akkadian 𒅗𒅈𒋗 (/karšu/, a plant, likely a leek) is rejected by Rosół and Blažek.

Blažek argues that the ultimate source of the word may well be Semitic, e. g. Akkadian 𒄑𒈢𒆳𒊏 (/kamiššaru, kamaššaru, kameššaru/, pear-tree) or Classical Syriac ܟܘܡܬܪܐ(kummaṯrā, pear), compare the Aramaic borrowing Arabic كُمَّثْرَى(kummaṯrā, pear), where it has to be known that Prunus and Pyrus species can be denoted by the same word, for example إِجَّاص(ʾijjāṣ, pear; plum) and Old Armenian տանձ (tanj, pear) with Classical Syriac ܬܰܢ̈ܓܳܝܳܬܳܐ‎ f pl (tangāyāṯā, mahaleb cherry). He argues that assimilation *-mš- > *-š- is attested in several NW Semitic languages of the 2nd millennium BC, and hypothesizes that metathesis *k-(m)š-r- > *k-r-(m)š- might have happened either in an unidentified mediator language or a Semitic donor or (less probably so) in Greek itself. The change *t > š, necessary for the change of Classical Syriac ܟܘܡܬܪܐ(kummaṯrā) to the Greek word, is to be found in Phoenician and early Aramaic.

The scholar also notes that the related cultural term seems to be widespread in Caucasian languages; compare (not to list over a dozen lemmata) Lak ккурмуз (k:urmuz, (wild) cherry plum) and Dargwa гимиргьи (gimirhi, quince), reconstructed protoform Proto-Northeast Caucasian *ḵurmäśV / *ḵurmäʒ́V (some kind of fruit), and possibly Proto-Northwest Caucasian *mǝrǝgʷǝźʷǝ (some sort of plum or peach) with metathesis, attested in some Abkhaz compound words.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

κερᾰσός (kerasósm (genitive κερᾰσοῦ); second declension

  1. bird cherry, Prunus avium (tree)

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]