κερασός

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See also: κέρασος

Ancient Greek[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A loanword of uncertain origin, considering the intervocalic -σ- either Anatolian or Pre-Greek.

Comparison with the ghost-word Akkadian **𒅗𒅈𒋗 (**karšu) rejected by Rosół.

Blažek argues that the ultimate source of the word may well be Semitic, e. g. Akkadian [script needed] (kami/e/aššaru(m), pear-tree), compare Classical Syriac ܟܘܡܬܪܐ(kūmatrā) and an Aramaic borrowing Arabic كُمَّثْرَى‎(kummaṯrā). He argues that assimilation *-mš- > *-š- is attested in several NW Semitic languages of the 2nd millenium BC, and hypothesizes that metathesis *k-(m)š-r- > *k-r-(m)š-r- might have happened either in an unidentified mediator language or a Semitic donor.

The scholar also notes that the related cultural term seems to be widespread in Caucasian languages, compare (not to list over a dozen lemmata) Lak ккурмуз (k̄urmuz, (wild) cherry plum) and Dargwa гимиргьи (gimirhi, quince), reconstructed protoform Proto-Northeast Caucasian *kurmäśV / *kurmäʒ́V (some kind of fruit), and possibly Proto-Northwest Caucasian *mǝrǝgʷǝźʷǝ- (some sort of plum or peach) attested in some Abkhaz compound words.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

κερᾰσός (kerasósm (genitive κερᾰσοῦ); second declension

  1. bird cherry, Prunus avium (tree)

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]