στοχάζομαι

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From στόχος (stókhos, target) +‎ -ᾰ́ζω (-ázō)

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

στοχᾰ́ζομαι (stokházomai)

  1. I aim for, shoot at
    • 480 BCE – 411 BCE, Antiphon of Rhamnus, First Tetralogy 1.4:
      οὐδὲ μὴν ἄλλου στοχαζόμενος ἔτυχε τούτου
      oudè mḕn állou stokhazómenos étukhe toútou
      Nor did the criminal strike the dead man when aiming at someone else
    • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Cyropaedia 1.6.29:
      εἰ δέ ποτε πόλεμος γένοιτο, δύναισθε καὶ ἀνθρώπων στοχάζεσθαι
      ei dé pote pólemos génoito, dúnaisthe kaì anthrṓpōn stokházesthai
      if there should ever be a war, that you might be able to aim at men also
    1. (figuratively) I endeavor after, aim at
      • 460 BCE – 370 BCE, Hippocrates, On Ancient Medicine 9:
        δεῖ γὰρ μέτρου τινὸς στοχάσασθαι.
        deî gàr métrou tinòs stokhásasthai.
        For it is necessary to aim at some measure.
      • 380 BCE, Plato, Gorgias 465a:
        ὅτι τοῦ ἡδέος στοχάζεται ἄνευ τοῦ βελτίστου
        hóti toû hēdéos stokházetai áneu toû beltístou
        because it aims at the pleasant and ignores the best
  2. I try to make out, I guess at
    • 436 BCE – 338 BCE, Isocrates, To Demonicus 50:
      εἰ δὲ δεῖ θνητὸν ὄντα τῆς τῶν θεῶν στοχάσασθαι διανοίας
      ei dè deî thnētòn ónta tês tôn theôn stokhásasthai dianoías
      And if a mortal may make conjecture of the thoughts of the gods
    • 380 BCE, Plato, Gorgias 464c:
      οὐ γνοῦσα λέγω ἀλλὰ στοχασαμένη
      ou gnoûsa légō allà stokhasaménē
      I do not say with knowledge, but by speculation

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]