Unclear etymology, Pokorny (1959) connects the Greek root φαρ- of φαρόω "to plough", φάρυγξ "throat", from a PIE *bʰer- (“to cut, pierce, scrape”) (i.e., a medicinal herb or root as something cut off or dug up), cognate with Germanic barjan, (conflated with bazjan), Latin ferio.
- A drug, whether healing or noxious
- A healing drug, medicine, remedy
- A potion, charm, spell
- A deadly drug, poison
- A dye, color