бремя

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic брѣмѧ (brěmę), borrowed from Old Church Slavonic брѣмѧ (brěmę), from Proto-Slavic *bermę (load, burden), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerH-men-. Compare the inherited doublet бере́мя (berémja).

The so-called н-declension of this and a dozen other similar neuter nouns stems from the fact that the word-final -я was the nasal vowel Ѧ, ѧ (little yus) in Old Church Slavonic, resulting in the -ен- before all the case endings in the modern language.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

бре́мя (brémjan inan (genitive бре́мени, nominative plural *бремена́, genitive plural *бремён)

  1. burden, charge, load
    большо́е бре́мя для чего́bolʹšóje brémja dlja čevóbig burden for something

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “бремя”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “бремя”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 110