աղքատ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian աղքատ (ałkʿat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

աղքատ (ałkʿat) (superlative ամենաաղքատ)

  1. poor, indigent
    աղքատ մարդałkʿat mardpoor man
  2. scant, scanty, poor, pathetic; meagre, wretched
    աղքատ բուսականությունałkʿat busakanutʿyunsparse vegetation

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

աղքատ (ałkʿat)

  1. poor man, pauper

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Usually derived from Proto-Indo-European *oliko-, from *(o)leyg/k- (poor, miserable) + -ատ (-at), with such cognates as Ancient Greek ὀλίγος (olígos, few, little), λοιγός (loigós, disaster), Old Irish liach (miserable), Old Prussian licuts (little), Lithuanian liẽknas (slim), ligà (illness), Albanian lig (evil, bad).[1][2]

But Martirosyan prefers a derivation from *աղխհատ (*ałxhat, devoided of properties, having no possessions), composed of աղխ (ałx) +‎ -ատ (-at).[3]

Adjective[edit]

աղքատ (ałkʿat)

  1. poor, indigent, needy, beggarly
  2. miserable
  3. bereft, destitute, necessitous
  4. low, humble, contemptible

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

աղքատ (ałkʿat)

  1. beggar, mendicant, pauper

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 36–37
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “աղքատ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  3. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “aɫk‘at”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 42

Further reading[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “աղքատ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “աղքատ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy