այս

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Armenian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian այս (ays); see below.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • էս (ēs) (dialectal)

Pronoun[edit]

այս (ays)

  1. this
    այս տունը իմն է (ays tunë imn ē) — this is my house
  2. these

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Armenian այս (ays); see it for more.

Noun[edit]

այս (ays)

  1. (archaic) evil spirit
Declension[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the demonstrative particle *այ- (*ay-) +‎ *սո- (*so-). For the first see այն (ayn).

Pronoun[edit]

այս (ays)

  1. (demonstrative) this
    ասացից զայս ինչ եւ զայնasacʿicʿ zays inčʿ ew zaynI shall say this and that, so and so
    այս անգամays angamthis time, this once
    այս անունays anunsuch-a-one
    այս նիշays nišmarked thus, having this mark, such
    այսու ամենայնիւaysu amenayniwstill, nevertheless, as for the rest
    յայսմ հետէyaysm hetēhereafter, henceforward, henceforth, from this moment or hour, for the future.
    յայսմ վայրիyaysm vayrihere, in this place; now
    յայս սակսyays saksit is why, for this purpose or reason, on this account, consequently
    ցայս ցայնcʿays cʿaynboth as to this and to that, considering both sides of the case
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]



Descendants[edit]
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “այս”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “այս”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “այս”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Abrahamyan, Ašot (1976) Grabari jeṙnark [A Handbook of Old Armenian] (in Armenian), 4th edition, Yerevan: Luys
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 107

Etymology 2[edit]

The origin is uncertain.

Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)nsu-yo- and cognate with Sanskrit असुर (ásura, god, lord, name of a group of gods), Avestan 𐬀𐬵𐬎 (ahu, lord, overlord), Hittite [script needed] (ḫaš-, to procreate), Proto-Germanic *ansuz.

Alternatively, a Mediterranean-Pontic substrate word related to Etruscan [script needed] (ais, god).

Noun[edit]

այս (ays)

  1. (rare) wind
  2. evil spirit
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “այս”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “այս”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “այս”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “ays”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 59