այս

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Armenian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian այս (ays); see below.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • էս (ēs) (dialectal)

Pronoun[edit]

այս (ays)

  1. this
    այս տունը իմն է (ays tunë imn ē) — this is my house
  2. these

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Armenian այս (ays); see it for more.

Noun[edit]

այս (ays)

  1. (archaic) evil spirit
Declension[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the demonstrative particle *այ- (*ay-) +‎ *սո- (*so-). For the first see այն (ayn).

Pronoun[edit]

այս (ays)

  1. (demonstrative) this
    ասացից զայս ինչ եւ զայնasacʿicʿ zays inčʿ ew zayn — I shall say this and that, so and so
    այս անգամays angam — this time, this once
    այս անունays anun — such-a-one
    այս նիշays niš — marked thus, having this mark, such
    այսու ամենայնիւaysu amenayniw — still, nevertheless, as for the rest
    յայսմ հետէyaysm hetē — hereafter, henceforward, henceforth, from this moment or hour, for the future.
    յայսմ վայրիyaysm vayri — here, in this place; now
    յայս սակսyays saks — it is why, for this purpose or reason, on this account, consequently
    ցայս ցայնcʿays cʿayn — both as to this and to that, considering both sides of the case
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • այս in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • այս in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • այս in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Ašot Abrahamyan (1976), Grabari jeṙnark [A Handbook of Old Armenian] (fourth edition), Yerevan: Luys
  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 107

Etymology 2[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)nsu-yo- and cognate with Sanskrit असुर (ásura, god, lord, name of a group of gods), Avestan [script?] (ahu-, lord, overlord), Hittite [script?] (ḫaš-, to procreate), Proto-Germanic *ansuz. Alternatively, a Mediterranean-Pontic substrate word related to Etruscan [script?] (ais, god).

Noun[edit]

այս (ays

  1. (rare) wind
  2. evil spirit
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • այս in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • այս in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • այս in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • “ays” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 59