այս

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Armenian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian այս ‎(ays); see below.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • էս ‎(ēs) (dialectal)

Pronoun[edit]

այս ‎(ays)

  1. this
    այս տունը իմն է (ays tunë imn ē) — this is my house
  2. these

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Armenian այս ‎(ays); see it for more.

Noun[edit]

այս ‎(ays)

  1. (archaic) evil spirit
Declension[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the demonstrative particle *այ- ‎(*ay-) +‎ *սո- ‎(*so-). For the first see այն ‎(ayn).

Pronoun[edit]

այս ‎(ays)

  1. (demonstrative) this
    ասացից զայս ինչ եւ զայն‎ ― asacʿicʿ zays inčʿ ew zayn ― I shall say this and that, so and so
    այս անգամ‎ ― ays angam ― this time, this once
    այս անուն‎ ― ays anun ― such-a-one
    այս նիշ‎ ― ays niš ― marked thus, having this mark, such
    այսու ամենայնիւ‎ ― aysu amenayniw ― still, nevertheless, as for the rest
    յայսմ հետէ‎ ― yaysm hetē ― hereafter, henceforward, henceforth, from this moment or hour, for the future.
    յայսմ վայրի‎ ― yaysm vayri ― here, in this place; now
    յայս սակս‎ ― yays saks ― it is why, for this purpose or reason, on this account, consequently
    ցայս ցայն‎ ― cʿays cʿayn ― both as to this and to that, considering both sides of the case
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “այս”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “այս”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “այս”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Abrahamyan, Ašot (1976) Grabari jeṙnark [A Handbook of Old Armenian] (in Armenian), 4th edition, Yerevan: Luys
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 107

Etymology 2[edit]

The origin is uncertain.

Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)nsu-yo- and cognate with Sanskrit असुर ‎(ásura, god, lord, name of a group of gods), Avestan [script needed] ‎(ahu-, lord, overlord), Hittite [script needed] ‎(ḫaš-, to procreate), Proto-Germanic *ansuz.

Alternatively, a Mediterranean-Pontic substrate word related to Etruscan [script needed] ‎(ais, god).

Noun[edit]

այս ‎(ays)

  1. (rare) wind
  2. evil spirit
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “այս”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “այս”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “այս”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “ays”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 59