արեւ

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Armenian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian արեւ (arew).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

արեւ (arew)

  1. the sun

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂rew-i- (sun, sunshine), whence also Sanskrit रवि (ravi, sun) and Hittite [script needed] (ḫaru(wa)nae, to become bright, get light, dawn).[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12] Related to արեգ (areg).

According to Martirosyan, Old Armenian արեւ (arew) / արեգ (areg) probably reflects an Indo-European or Armeno-Aryan poetically or sacrally marked designation of “sun”, replacing the Proto-Indo-European unmarked profane *sóh₂wl̥ (sun).[12]

Noun[edit]

արեւ (arew)

  1. the sun
    մուտք արեւուmutkʿ arewusunset or sundown
    ելք արեւուelkʿ arewusunrise
    ի մտանել արեւուi mtanel arewuthe setting of the sun
    յելանել, ի ծագել արեւուyelanel, i cagel arewuthe rising of the sun
  2. the light of the sun
    յարեւու գալyarewu galto come in broad daylight, to come before the sun sets
    զքաղցր արեւն յաչաց հանել, զրկել յարեւէzkʿałcʿr arewn yačʿacʿ hanel, zrkel yarewēto deprive of light, to blind
  3. (figuratively) life, day
    յարեւն երդնուլyarewn erdnulto swear by one's days or life
    յարեւէ արկանել, զարեւ հատանելyarewē arkanel, zarew hatanelto murder, to kill; to lose one's life
    ըմպել յարեւ ուրուքəmpel yarew urukʿto drink to the health of some one, to toast

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

According to Ačaṙean, in classical Old Armenian արեւ (arew) referred to the light of the sun, while արեգակն (aregakn) was used for the star itself.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 424
  2. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 38–39
  3. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “արեգ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 310–312
  4. ^ Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 83
  5. ^ Puhvel, Jaan (1991) Hittite Etymological Dictionary (Trends in linguistics. Documentation; 5), volume III, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 204
  6. ^ Ravnæs, Erling (1991) The chronology of the sound changes from Proto-Indo-European to Classical Armenian. Thesis, University of Oslo, pages 17, 76–77
  7. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 440
  8. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pages 109–110
  9. ^ Witczak, K. T. (1999), “Studies in Armenian etymology (1-30)”, in Studia etymologica Cracoviensia[1], issue 4, pages 182–183
  10. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, page 192
  11. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian[2] (pdf), Zagreb, page 9
  12. 12.0 12.1 Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 135

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “արեւ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “արեւ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy