զէն

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Iranian. Compare Middle Persian zyn' (zēn), Manichaean Middle Persian zyn (zēn), Manichean Parthian zyn (zēn, weapon, sword; armour, arms), Sogdian zyn' (zēn, armour, weapon), Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬉𐬥𐬀 m (zaēna, weapon), 𐬰𐬀𐬉𐬥𐬁𐬎 f (zaēnāu, baldric), which go back to Proto-Iranian *zayana- or *zaina-. For further origin compare Sanskrit हिनोति (hinóti, to impel, stimulate). Compare also Iranian borrowings: Tocharian B tsain (arrow), plural tsainwa, Old Aramaic 𐡆𐡉𐡍𐡀 (zynʾ), Classical Syriac ܙܝܢܐ (zaynāʾ, weapon), Classical Mandaic ࡆࡀࡉࡍࡀ (zaina, armour) and Georgian ზეინ-კალ-ი (zein-ḳal-i, armourer, metal-worker).

Noun[edit]

զէն (zēn)

  1. arm, weapon; armament, armour, munition, harness
    զէն եւ զարդzēn ew zardarmour, arming
    զէն ի ձեռինzēn i jeṙinin arms; armed, arms in the hands
    զինու զօրութեամբzinu zōrutʿeambwith arms; by main strength
    զէնս կրելzēns krelto carry, to bear arms
    ի զէն գնալ, ընթանալ, դառնալ, զէն առնուլ, զգենուլ, ի վեր առնուլ, ի զէն վառիլi zēn gnal, əntʿanal, daṙnal, zēn aṙnul, zgenul, i ver aṙnul, i zēn vaṙilto fly to arms, to buckle on one's armour, to take up arms, to arm one's self
    զէն առնուլ ընդդէմzēn aṙnul ənddēmto bear arms against
    ի զէն վառելi zēn vaṙelto put under arms
    ի բաց թողուլ զզէնսi bacʿ tʿołul zzēnsto lay down one's arms
    հրաման կրելոյ զէնսhraman kreloy zēnslicense to shoot
    հրաթափ զէնքhratʿapʿ zēnkʿfire arms, guns, muskets, rifles
    հատու զէնքhatu zēnkʿside arms, weapons, cutting, edge
    վառեալ ի զէն եւ ի զարդvaṙeal i zēn ew i zardarmed from head to foot
    առաջին փորձ զինուցaṙaǰin pʿorj zinucʿone's first passage in arms
    այր զինուayr zinuman at arms
    ազգ կիրթ ի հրահանգս զինուցazg kirtʿ i hrahangs zinucʿa nation inured to war
    ի զե՛ն, ի զե՛նi zén, i zénto arms!
    զէն ի վե՛ր, յառա՛ջ, զէն ի վա՛յրzēn i vér, yaṙáǰ, zēn i váyrcarry, present, ground arms!
    կազմ ի զէ՛նkazm i zḗnready!
    զէն կալէ՛ք, զէն առէ՛ք, զէն ի ձե՛ռսzēn kalḗkʿ, zēn aṙḗkʿ, zēn i jéṙssupport arms!
    սպանանել զինուքspananel zinukʿto put to the sword
    ելանել ընդ զէնսelanel ənd zēnsto commit suicide
    դուլ զինուցdul zinucʿa truce
    սահմանք քաջաց զէնն իւրեանցsahmankʿ kʿaǰacʿ zēnn iwreancʿthe arms of the brave decide the limits of their power
    հին զէննhin zēnn(figuratively) woman, female

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “զէն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “զէն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “զէն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 880
  • Bartholomae, Christian (1904) Altiranisches Wörterbuch [Old Iranian Dictionary][1] (in German), Strassburg: K. J. Trübner, columns 1650–1651
  • Nyberg, H. S. (1974), “zēn”, in A Manual of Pahlavi, Part II: Glossary, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, page 231
  • Bailey, H. W. (1979) Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, pages 32b, 354a
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “¹zēn”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 99
  • Gharib, B. (1995), “zyn'”, in Sogdian dictionary: Sogdian–Persian–English, Tehran: Farhangan Publications, page 470b
  • Durkin-Meisterernst, Desmond (2004) A Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian (Corpus Fontium Manichaeorum; 3.1), Turnhout: Brepols, pages 386–387