զէն

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Iranian. Compare Middle Persian zyn' ‎(zēn), Manichaean Middle Persian zyn ‎(zēn), Manichean Parthian zyn ‎(zēn, weapon, sword; armour, arms), Sogdian zyn' ‎(zēn, armour, weapon), Avestan [script needed] m ‎(zaēna-, weapon), [script needed] f ‎(zaēnāu-, baldric), which go back to Proto-Iranian *zayana- or *zaina-. For further origin compare Sanskrit हिनोति ‎(hinóti, to impel, stimulate). Compare also Iranian borrowings: Tocharian B tsain ‎(arrow), plural tsainwa, Old Aramaic 𐡆𐡉𐡍𐡀 ‎(zynʾ), Classical Syriac ܙܝܢܐ ‎(zaynāʾ, weapon), Classical Mandaic ࡆࡀࡉࡍࡀ ‎(zaina, armour) and Georgian ზეინ-კალ-ი ‎(zein-ḳal-i, armourer, metal-worker).

Noun[edit]

զէն ‎(zēn)

  1. arm, weapon; armament, armour, munition, harness
    զէն եւ զարդ‎ ― zēn ew zard ― armour, arming
    զէն ի ձեռին‎ ― zēn i jeṙin ― in arms; armed, arms in the hands
    զինու զօրութեամբ‎ ― zinu zōrutʿeamb ― with arms; by main strength
    զէնս կրել‎ ― zēns krel ― to carry, to bear arms
    ի զէն գնալ, ընթանալ, դառնալ, զէն առնուլ, զգենուլ, ի վեր առնուլ, ի զէն վառիլ‎ ― i zēn gnal, əntʿanal, daṙnal, zēn aṙnul, zgenul, i ver aṙnul, i zēn vaṙil ― to fly to arms, to buckle on one's armour, to take up arms, to arm one's self
    զէն առնուլ ընդդէմ‎ ― zēn aṙnul ənddēm ― to bear arms against
    ի զէն վառել‎ ― i zēn vaṙel ― to put under arms
    ի բաց թողուլ զզէնս‎ ― i bacʿ tʿołul zzēns ― to lay down one's arms
    հրաման կրելոյ զէնս‎ ― hraman kreloy zēns ― license to shoot
    հրաթափ զէնք‎ ― hratʿapʿ zēnkʿ ― fire arms, guns, muskets, rifles
    հատու զէնք‎ ― hatu zēnkʿ ― side arms, weapons, cutting, edge
    վառեալ ի զէն եւ ի զարդ‎ ― vaṙeal i zēn ew i zard ― armed from head to foot
    առաջին փորձ զինուց‎ ― aṙaǰin pʿorj zinucʿ ― one's first passage in arms
    այր զինու‎ ― ayr zinu ― man at arms
    ազգ կիրթ ի հրահանգս զինուց‎ ― azg kirtʿ i hrahangs zinucʿ ― a nation inured to war
    ի զե՛ն, ի զե՛ն‎ ― i zén, i zén ― to arms!
    զէն ի վե՛ր, յառա՛ջ, զէն ի վա՛յր‎ ― zēn i vér, yaṙáǰ, zēn i váyr ― carry, present, ground arms!
    կազմ ի զէ՛ն‎ ― kazm i zḗn ― ready!
    զէն կալէ՛ք, զէն առէ՛ք, զէն ի ձե՛ռս‎ ― zēn kalḗkʿ, zēn aṙḗkʿ, zēn i jéṙs ― support arms!
    սպանանել զինուք‎ ― spananel zinukʿ ― to put to the sword
    ելանել ընդ զէնս‎ ― elanel ənd zēns ― to commit suicide
    դուլ զինուց‎ ― dul zinucʿ ― a truce
    սահմանք քաջաց զէնն իւրեանց‎ ― sahmankʿ kʿaǰacʿ zēnn iwreancʿ ― the arms of the brave decide the limits of their power
    հին զէնն‎ ― hin zēnn ― (figuratively) woman, female

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “զէն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “զէն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “զէն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 880
  • Bartholomae, Christian (1904) Altiranisches Wörterbuch [Old Iranian Dictionary][1] (in German), Strassburg: K. J. Trübner, columns 1650–1651
  • Nyberg, H. S. (1974), “zēn”, in A Manual of Pahlavi, Part II: Glossary, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, page 231
  • Bailey, H. W. (1979) Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, pages 32b, 354a
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “¹zēn”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 99
  • Gharib, B. (1995), “zyn'”, in Sogdian dictionary: Sogdian–Persian–English, Tehran: Farhangan Publications, page 470b
  • Durkin-Meisterernst, Desmond (2004) A Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian (Corpus Fontium Manichaeorum; 3.1), Turnhout: Brepols, pages 386–387