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Classical Syriac[edit]


Borrowing from Old Iranian *zaina-. Compare Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬉𐬥𐬀 (zaēna, weapon), Middle Persian zyn' (zēn, weapon; armor), Old Armenian զէն (zēn) (a loanword); see the latter for more.


  • IPA(key): [zajnɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [zajne(ʔ)] (plural)


ܙܝܢܐ (zaynā’m (plural ܙܝܢܐ)

  1. weapons, arms
  2. armour, shield
  3. armed force
  4. implements, ornaments
  5. harness, trappings


Derived terms[edit]


  • zyn”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 87b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 115a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 378b