խաչ

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Armenian[edit]

Christian cross.svg

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian խաչ(xačʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

խաչ ‎(xačʿ)

  1. cross
    սուրբ խաչ‎ ― surb xačʿ ― holy cross

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kʰaty-, from *kʰet-(stake, picket). An ablaut grade of խոչ(xočʿ, a piece of wood, stone protruding from ground upon which one may stumble, an obstacle) and խէչ(xēčʿ, prop, stay, on which plants are supported). Thus, the initial meaning of the word was "stake, stick"; for the semantic shift compare Georgian ჯვარი(ǯvari). The only surviving cognate is Persian خاده(xāda, a straight branch; a broom-stick; an oar; a coal-rake; a gibbet).

Noun[edit]

խաչ ‎(xačʿ)

  1. crucifix
    ի խաչ հանել‎ ― i xačʿ hanel ― to crucify
    կախել զխաչէ‎ ― kaxel zxačʿē ― to crucify
    ի խաչ ելանել‎ ― i xačʿ elanel ― to be crucified
    սուրբ խաչ‎ ― surb xačʿ ― the Cross, the Holy Rood
  2. (figuratively) cross, sorrows, tribulation
  3. cross
    խաչ առնել, հանել‎ ― xačʿ aṙnel, hanel ― to make the sign of the cross, to cross oneself
  4. (in the plural) crossroads

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “խաչ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “խաչ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “խաչ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy