խաչ

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Armenian[edit]

Christian cross.svg

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian խաչ ‎(xačʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

խաչ ‎(xačʿ)

  1. cross
    սուրբ խաչ‎ ― surb xačʿ ― holy cross

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kʰaty-, from *kʰet- ‎(stake, picket). An ablaut grade of խոչ ‎(xočʿ, a piece of wood, stone protruding from ground upon which one may stumble, an obstacle) and խէչ ‎(xēčʿ, prop, stay, on which plants are supported). Thus, the initial meaning of the word was "stake, stick". The only surviving cognate is Persian خاده ‎(xāda, a straight branch; a broom-stick; an oar; a coal-rake; a gibbet).

Noun[edit]

խաչ ‎(xačʿ)

  1. crucifix
    ի խաչ հանել‎ ― i xačʿ hanel ― to crucify
    կախել զխաչէ‎ ― kaxel zxačʿē ― to crucify
    ի խաչ ելանել‎ ― i xačʿ elanel ― to be crucified
    սուրբ խաչ‎ ― surb xačʿ ― the Cross, the Holy Rood
  2. (figuratively) cross, sorrows, tribulation
  3. cross
    խաչ առնել, հանել‎ ― xačʿ aṙnel, hanel ― to make the sign of the cross, to cross oneself
  4. (in the plural) crossroads

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “խաչ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “խաչ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “խաչ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy