խաչ

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Armenian[edit]

Christian cross.svg

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian խաչ (xačʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

խաչ (xačʿ)

  1. cross
    սուրբ խաչsurb xačʿholy cross

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kʰaty-, from *kʰet- (stake, picket). An ablaut grade of խոչ (xočʿ, a piece of wood, stone protruding from ground upon which one may stumble, an obstacle) and խէչ (xēčʿ, prop, stay, on which plants are supported). Thus, the initial meaning of the word was "stake, stick"; for the semantic shift compare Georgian ჯვარი (ǯvari). The only surviving cognate is Persian خاده (xāda, a straight branch; a broom-stick; an oar; a coal-rake; a gibbet).

Noun[edit]

խաչ (xačʿ)

  1. crucifix
    ի խաչ հանելi xačʿ hanelto crucify
    կախել զխաչէkaxel zxačʿēto crucify
    ի խաչ ելանելi xačʿ elanelto be crucified
    սուրբ խաչsurb xačʿthe Cross, the Holy Rood
  2. (figuratively) cross, sorrows, tribulation
  3. cross
    խաչ առնել, հանելxačʿ aṙnel, hanelto make the sign of the cross, to cross oneself
  4. (in the plural) crossroads

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “խաչ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “խաչ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “խաչ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy