խաչ

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Armenian[edit]

Christian cross.svg

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian խաչ ‎(xačʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

խաչ ‎(xačʿ)

  1. cross
    սուրբ խաչsurb xačʿ ― holy cross

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kʰaty-, from *kʰet- ‎(stake, picket). An ablaut grade of խոչ ‎(xočʿ, a piece of wood, stone protruding from ground upon which one may stumble, an obstacle) and խէչ ‎(xēčʿ, prop, stay, on which plants are supported). Thus, the initial meaning of the word was "stake, stick". The only surviving cognate is Persian خاده ‎(xāda, a straight branch; a broom-stick; an oar; a coal-rake; a gibbet).

Noun[edit]

խաչ ‎(xačʿ

  1. crucifix
    ի խաչ հանելi xačʿ hanel ― to crucify
    կախել զխաչէkaxel zxačʿē ― to crucify
    ի խաչ ելանելi xačʿ elanel ― to be crucified
    սուրբ խաչsurb xačʿ ― the Cross, the Holy Rood
  2. (figuratively) cross, sorrows, tribulation
  3. cross
    խաչ առնել, հանելxačʿ aṙnel, hanel ― to make the sign of the cross, to cross oneself
  4. (in the plural) crossroads

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • խաչ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • խաչ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • խաչ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy