σταυρός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- ‎(to stand). See ῐ̔́στημῐ ‎(hístēmi).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

σταυρός ‎(staurós) (genitive σταυροῦ); m, second declension

  1. upright stake or pile
  2. crucifix
    • 70 CE – 110 CE, The Gospel of Matthew 27.40
      εἰ υἱὸς εἶ τοῦ θεοῦ, κατάβηθι απὸ τοῦ σταυροῦ.
      If you are the son of God, come down from the cross!

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Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek σταυρός ‎(staurós). Cognate with Icelandic staur ‎(a stake, pole), English stour ‎(stake, pole), Swedish stör. Compare also staff.

Noun[edit]

σταυρός ‎(stavrósm ‎(plural σταυροί)

  1. cross (geometrical figure)

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