ծուխ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ծուխ ‎(cux); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ծուխ ‎(cux)

  1. smoke
  2. (figuratively) household, family, hearth, home

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Ačaṙyan, borrowed from a “Caucasian” (Kartvelian?) root of the form *cux ‎(soot; smoke; darkness) whence also Georgian წუხვა ‎(c̣uxva, sadness, sorrow), figuratively, as if a “smoke of heart”, with a sense development seen also in Persian دود ‎(dud, smoke; sorrow); and მწუხრი ‎(mc̣uxri, dusk).

Noun[edit]

ծուխ ‎(cux

  1. smoke
    սիւն, ստեղն ծխոյ, ծուխ ծառացեալsiwn, stełn cxoy, cux caṙacʿeal ― pillar of smoke
    մրրիկ ծխոյmrrik cxoy ― clouds or masses of smoke
    ընդ ծուխ գալənd cux gal ― to be in the smoke
    ծուխս արձակելcuxs arjakel ― to emit smoke
    ծուխ որ ընդ մէջ մօրուին եւ ըրջուաց ծխիցիcux or ənd mēǰ mōruin ew ərǰuacʿ cxicʿi ― unpleasantness or discord engendered between step-mother and step-children
  2. fume, vapor, exhalation
  3. (figuratively) family, hearth, home
  4. (post-classical) tobacco
    ծուխ ծխել, ձգել զծուխcux cxel, jgel zcux ― to smoke tobacco

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

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Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ծուխ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ծուխ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ծուխ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]