հեշտ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian հեշտ (hešt).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

հեշտ (hešt) (superlative ամենահեշտ)

  1. easy, not hard, light
    հեշտ վարժությունhešt varžutʿyuneasy exercise

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is unknown.[1][2]

Perhaps an Iranian borrowing.[3] Compare Manichaean Middle Persian 𐫍𐫏𐫢𐫤𐫗 (hyštn /hištan/, to leave, abandon; remit (of sins); establish, appoint; let, allow), Persian هشتن (heštan, to leave, abandon; to let, allow), Parthian 𐫍𐫏𐫘𐫤 (hyst /hišt/), past participle of 𐫍𐫏𐫡𐫉- (hyrz-, to let, leave, abandon; remit (of sins}, establish, appoint), all from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sr̥ĵáti. Compare Old Armenian հեշտպաշտակ (heštpaštak, voluntary servant), which may contain the same Iranian root.

Adjective[edit]

հեշտ (hešt)

  1. pleasing, agreeable
    Synonyms: հեշտալի (heštali), հեշտական (heštakan), դիւր (diwr), դիւրին (diwrin), դիւրիչ (diwričʿ), կամակ (kamak), ընդունելի (ənduneli), ցանկալի (cʿankali), քաղցր (kʿałcʿr), ախորժ (axorž)
    հեշտ պաշտօնhešt paštōnvolunteer service
    հեշտ ցանկութիւնhešt cʿankutʿiwnvoluptuousness, concupiscence, lust
    հեշտ եւ համբոյր մտօքhešt ew hamboyr mtōkʿaffably, benignly, kindly, condescendingly
    զհեշտ ցանկութեան զհետ անցանելzhešt cʿankutʿean zhet ancʿanelto give oneself up to pleasures
  2. (post-classical) easy

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

հեշտ (hešt)

  1. pleasure
    Synonyms: դիւրութիւն (diwrutʿiwn), հաճութիւն (hačutʿiwn), հաճոյք (hačoykʿ)
    ըստ հեշտիəst heštiat will, at pleasure, at one's ease
    ըստ իւրեանց հեշտի գնալəst iwreancʿ hešti gnalto go one's own way, at one's leisure, at one's ease; to live as one likes, to follow the bent of one's own inclinations

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “հեշտ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 80–81
  2. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 964
  3. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “հեշտ”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 457a

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1837), “հեշտ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume II, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 85c
  • Łazarean, Ṙ. S. (2000), “հեշտ”, in Tʿosunean G. B., editor, Grabari baṙaran [Dictionary of Old Armenian] (in Armenian), volume II, Yerevan: University Press, page 63a
  • Łazarean, Ṙ. S. (2006), “հեշտ”, in Grabari homanišneri baṙaran [Dictionary of Old Armenian Synonyms], Yerevan: University Press, page 423b
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “հեշտ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 400b