היכל

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Akkadian 𒂍𒃲 (ēkallum), from Sumerian 𒂍𒃲 (e₂-gal /ēgal/). Cognate with Arabic هَيْكَل(haykal) and Aramaic הֵיכְלָא(hēḵəlā).

Noun[edit]

הֵיכָל (heikhálm (plural indefinite הֵיכָלִיםor הֵיכָלוֺת‎, singular construct הֵיכַל־, plural construct הֵיכְלֵי־or הֵיכְלוֺת־‎)

  1. palace
    • 1 Kings 21:1, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
    • וַיְהִי אַחַר הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה כֶּרֶם הָיָה לְנָבוֹת הַיִּזְרְעֵאלִי אֲשֶׁר בְּיִזְרְעֶאל אֵצֶל הֵיכַל אַחְאָב מֶלֶךְ שֹׁמְרוֹן׃‎‎
      Va-yhi aḥár ha-dvarím ha-éleh kérem hayá l-Navót ha-Yizr'elí ashér b-Yizr'él étzel heikhál Aḥ'áv mélekh Shomrón.
      And it came to pass after these things, that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard, which was in Jezreel, hard by the palace of Ahab, king of Samaria.
    • Proverbs 30:28, with translation of the New American Standard Bible:
      שְׂמָמִית בְּיָדַיִם תְּתַפֵּשׂ וְהִיא בְּהֵיכְלֵי מֶלֶךְ׃‎‎
      Sh'mamít b-yadáyim t'ḥapés, v-hí b-héikhlei mélekh.
      The lizard you may grasp with the hands, yet it is in kings' palaces.
  2. hall, large reception area for guests
  3. the central sanctuary of the Holy Temple
    • Ezekiel 41:4, with translation of the New American Standard Bible:
      וַיָּמָד אֶת־אָרְכּוֹ עֶשְׂרִים אַמָּה וְרֹחַב עֶשְׂרִים אַמָּה אֶל־פְּנֵי הַהֵיכָל וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי זֶה קֹדֶשׁ הַקֳּדָשִׁים׃‎‎
      Va-yámod et orkó 'esrím ammá v-róḥav 'esrím ammá el p'nei ha-heikhál va-yómer elái "zeh qódesh ha-qodashím."
      And he measured its length, twenty cubits, and the width, twenty cubits, before the sanctuary; and he said to me, “This is the Most Holy Place.”
  4. (metonymically) the Holy Temple
    • Psalms 5:8, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וַאֲנִי בְּרֹב חַסְדְּךָ אָבוֹא בֵיתֶךָ אֶשְׁתַּחֲוֶה אֶל־הֵיכַל־קָדְשְׁךָ בְּיִרְאָתֶךָ׃‎‎
      Va-aní b-rov ḥasd'khá avó veitékha; eshtaḥavéh el heikhál qodsh'khá b-yir'atékha.
      But as for me, in the abundance of Thy lovingkindness will I come into Thy house; I will bow down toward Thy holy temple in the fear of Thee.
    • Jeremiah 7:4, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      אַל־תִּבְטְחוּ לָכֶם אֶל־דִּבְרֵי הַשֶּׁקֶר לֵאמֹר הֵיכַל יְהוָה הֵיכַל יְהוָה הֵיכַל יְהוָה הֵמָּה׃‎‎
      Al tivt'ḥú el divréi ha-shéqer lemór "heikhál Adonái, heikhál Adonái, heikhál Adonái hemmah!"
      Trust ye not in lying words, saying: ‘The temple of the LORD, the temple of the LORD, the temple of the LORD, are these.’
  5. (Judaism, Sephardi) ark (synagogue)

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]