اسفناج

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Persian[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]


Etymology[edit]

Kulturwörter of Iranian origin. According to Asatrian, there were probably two forms in late Middle Iranian, *ispanāg (or *ispināg) and (the dialectal) *ispanāx (or *ispināx), yielding Arabized forms إِسْفَنَاج / إِسْفِنَاج ‎(ʾisfanāj / ʾisfināj) and إِسْفَنَاخ / إِسْفِنَاخ ‎(ʾisfanāḵ / ʾisfināḵ), which were popularized in Persian and Arabic, respectively (alternative forms with پ ‎(p) are directly from Middle Iranian). The Old Iranian form would be *spināka-, *spinaka- (compare Kurdish sping), from the root *spin- (Northwestern Iranian), *sin- (Southwestern Iranian), ultimately from the Proto-Iranian *spai- (*spi-), from Proto-Indo-European *spei- ‎(thorn-like) (*spi-), which are also reflected in Latin spina, Persian سنجد ‎(senjed), Ossetian сындз ‎(synʒ), синдзӕ ‎(sinʒæ, thorn), Baluchi [script needed] ‎(šinž), Central Iranian šeng, Kermani šank ‎(thorn).

Akin to Semnani esbenāγa.

According to Cabolov, related to Northern Kurdish siping ‎(meadow salsify, possibly also spinach) and Persian سپند ‎(sipand, wild rue).

اسفناج

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

اسفناج ‎(esfanâj, esfenâj) ‎(plural اسفناج‌ها ‎(esfanâj, esfenâj-hâ))

  1. spinach

Descendants[edit]

Most are directly from Middle Iranian

References[edit]

  • Dehkhoda Dictionary
  • Asatrian, Garnik S. (2011) A Comparative Vocabulary of Central Iranian Dialects[1] (in Persian and English), Tehran: Safir Ardehal Publications, pages 43–45
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1892), “اسپناج”, in A Comprehensive Persian–English dictionary, London: Routledge & K. Paul
  • Lokotsch, Karl (1927) Etymologisches Wörterbuch der europäischen Wörter orientalischen Ursprungs (in German), Heidelberg: Carl Winter’s Universitätsbuchhandlung, page 11, § 126
  • Cabolov, R. L. (2010), “siping”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, page 263
  • Redhouse, J. W. (1884), “spinach”, in A Lexicon, English and Turkish, 3rd edition, Constantinople: A. H. Boyajian, page 703
  • Redhouse, J. W.; Wells, Charles (1880), “spinach”, in Redhouse's Turkish Dictionary, in Two Parts, English and Turkish, and Turkish and English, 2nd edition, London: Bernard Quartch, 15 Piccadilly, page 306
  • Abajev, V. I. (1979) Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ osetinskovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Ossetian Language] (in Russian), volume III, Moscow, Leningrad: USSR Academy of Sciences, pages 201–202