خردل

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Arabic[edit]

خَرْدَل

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain etymology, previous comparisons to an Akkadian source have been depreciated as uninformed readings; compare Hebrew חַרְדָּל(ḥardal), Jewish Palestinian Aramaic חרדלא(ḥardlā), Jewish Babylonian Aramaic חַרְדְּלָא(ḥardlā), Classical Syriac ܚܪܕܠܐ(ḥardlā), and potentially Akkadian 𒄷𒊏𒁺 (/ḫurādu/, unidentified aromatic plant possibly in reference to mustard seeds; aromatic seed or spice mix, literally pebbles, little stones); perhaps connected ultimately to Proto-Semitic *ḥaraθ- (to sow, to plant seeds, to till, to plow, to cultivate) or Sumerian 𒌑𒄯𒄯 (/ḫarḫar/, unidentified plant yielding seeds used as a spice) of uncertain provenance.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

خَرْدَل (ḵardalm (collective, singulative خَرْدَلَة‎ f (ḵardala))

  1. mustard (plant and condiment)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Armenian: խարտալ (xartal)
  • Persian: خردل(xardal)
  • Swahili: haradali

References[edit]

  • Levey, Martin (1973) Early Arabic Pharmacology. An Introduction Based on Ancient and Medieval Sources, Leiden: Brill, page 60

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic خَرْدَل(ḵardal).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

خردل (xardal)

  1. mustard
    Synonym: سپندان(sepandân)

Descendants[edit]


Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian خردل(xardal), from Arabic خَرْدَل(ḵardal).

Noun[edit]

خردل (xardalm (Hindi spelling ख़र्दल)

  1. mustard