خرما

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Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian خرما ‎(xormâ).

Noun[edit]

خرما ‎(hurmâ)

  1. date (fruit)

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian Tg / hwlmʾk' ‎(xormā, date), possibly from earlier *harmāw. The logogram is from Aramaic 𐡕𐡌𐡓𐡉𐡍 pl ‎(tmryn, dates).

Compare Parthian hwlmʾk ‎(xurmāg) and Tg ‎(*amrāw), both forms appeared in Draxt ī Āsūrīg. The former is from Middle Persian. For reading of the latter, compare Manichaean Parthian ʾmrʾw ‎(amrāw) and Old Armenian արմաւ ‎(armaw) (see Korn).

Akin to Mazanderani اربا ‎(erbâ, date-plum).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

خرما ‎(xormâ) ‎(plural خرماها ‎(xormâ-hâ))

  1. date (fruit)
    • 940-1020, Ferdowsi, Shahnameh
      بکن کار و کرده بیزدان سپار
      بخرما چه یازی چو ترسی ز خار
      bukun kār u karda bi-yazdān sipār
      bi-xurmā če yāzī ču tarsī zi xār
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “xormā”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 94
  • Henning. W. B. (1950), "A Pahlavi Poem", Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol. 13, No. 3., page 645
  • Korn, Agnes (2013), "Final troubles: Armenian stem classes and the word-end in Late Old Persian", in Sergei Tokhtas'ev, Pavel Lur'e (eds.): Commentationes Iranicae, Vladimiro f. Aaron Livschits nonagenario donum natalicium / Sbornik statej k 90-letiju Vladmira Aronoviča Livšitsa, St Petersburg: Nestor-Istorija, pp. 74-91; page 81, note 39: "HENNING (1950, p. 645) notes that the Pth. form is amrāw as seen in “Man. ʾmrʾw , against Arm. armav”, and thus reads amrāw for the Arameogram Tg in the Draxt ī Asūrīg while MACIUSZAK (2007, p. 65, 125, 184) reads (the NP form) xormā on account of <hwlmʾk> occuring [sic] some lines later in the text. ʾmrʾw is found in the unpublished fragment M 171 II R 10 (Desmond Durkin-Meisterernst, pers. comm.). The relevant part of the fragment is partially broken off, though (see the photo at http://www.bbaw.de/forschung/turfanforschung/dta/m/images/m0171_seite2.jpg)."
  • «КОРБУРДИ ВОЖАҲОИ ПОРТӢ ДАР ЗАБОНИ ФОРСИИ МИЁНА», Номаи пажӯҳишгоҳ, №1, 2001, с. 10-19. «портӣ amrāw=xurmāg «хурмо» (<harmāw =armāw [Hubschmann 1895, 111; Периханян1973, 440]."»