زربية

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See also: زريبة

Arabic[edit]

زُرْبِيَّة

Etymology[edit]

  • William Hoyt Worrell considers it a genuine Arabic word. It is according to him from زِرْب(zirb, canal) and originally meant a “rug streaked with canals”, a “striped rug”, formed as فِسْقِيَّة(fisqiyya, fountain), شَمْسِيَّة(šamsiyya, parasol), حَنَفِيَّة(ḥanafiyya, faucet, spigot).
  • It could be borrowed from Ge'ez ዘርቤት (zärbet) from ዘረበ (zäräbä, to trample), which Theodor Nöldeke and Arthur Jeffery find most appealing, but Wolf Leslau and Siegmund Fraenkel assume that the Ge'ez word is from the Arabic.
  • It has been suggested to be from a Middle Persian *hcdl-pdy (/azēr-pay/, literally under the foot) by Georg Hoffmann, but this is doubtful for not being attested in any Persian.
  • It would rather be a Middle Persian *DHBʾ-pay (/zar-pay/, literally gold-foot), as Jeffery corrects, but it is unsensible that this would come to mean a carpet.
  • It could be a *DHBʾ-ʾby (/zar-ābī/, literally goldeny) – compare Persian سیمابی(sīmābī, silvery) –, to which Wilhelm Eilers and Johnny Cheung lean, and when borrowed been treated as a broken plural with the singular back-formed from the plural.
  • It could, as Nabīl al-Waġlīsiyy reconstructs, reflect the name of the land of Azerbaijan as it is renowned yore and today for opulent rug manufacturing, being a doublet of أَذَرِيّ(ʾaḏariyy, Azeri) of a different segmentation including /b/ and lacking the hamzated onset.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

زُرْبِيَّة or زِرْبِيَّة or زَرْبِيَّة (zurbiyya or zirbiyya or zarbiyyaf (plural زَرَابِيّ(zarābiyy))

  1. carpet, rug

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Cheung, Johnny (2017) On the (Middle) Iranian borrowings in Qurʾānic (and pre-Islamic) Arabic[1], Leiden: Leiden University, pages 10–11
  • Eilers, Wilhelm (1962), “Iranisches Lehngut im arabischen Lexikon”, in Indo-Iranian Journal (in German), volume 5, issue 3, page 205
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, pages 92–93
  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “زربية”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum, volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 232
  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938) The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, pages 150–151
  • Leslau, Wolf (1991) Comparative Dictionary of Geʿez (Classical Ethiopic), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 643
  • Nöldeke, Theodor (1910) Neue Beiträge zur semitischen Sprachwissenschaft[2] (in German), Straßburg: Karl J. Trübner, page 53
  • Al-Waġlīsiyy, Nabīl (2018-04-13), “أصل كلمة زربية وتسمية أذربيجان”, in على رصيف الكلمات[3]
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “زربية”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 521
  • Worrell, William Hoyt (1934), “On Certain Arabic Terms for “Rug””, in Ars Islamica, volume 1, issue 2, DOI:10.2307/4515478, pages 220–221