سمك

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Arabic[edit]

Root
س م ك(s-m-k)

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ⁧س م ك(s-m-k), meaning “to be elevated or lofty”, “to be supported or held up”, “to sustain”; hence the meaning of “a source of sustenance”, “a mainstay or staple-food”. Cognate with Hebrewסָמַך(samak, to lean, lay, rest, support) attested in the Bible with the similar semantic sense “to sustain” or “to nourish”.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sa.mak/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

سَمَك (samakm (collective, singulativeسَمَكَة⁩ f (samaka), pluralأَسْماك(ʔasmāk) orسِمَاك(simāk) orسُمُوك(sumūk))

  1. fish
    السَّرْدِينَ عِبَارَةً عَنْ سَمَكِ زَيْتَي صَغِيرٍ يُمْكِنُ أَكْلُهُ بِالْكَامِلِ.
    as-sardīna ʕibāratan ʕan samaki zaytay ṣaḡīrin yumkinu ʔakluhu bi-l-kāmili.
    Sardines are small, oily fish that can be eaten whole.
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Gulf Arabic: ⁧سمچ(simič, simač)
  • Iraqi Arabic: ⁧سمچ(simač)
  • Ge'ez: ሰመክ (sämäk)
  • Ottoman Turkish: ⁧سمك(semek)
  • Swahili: samaki

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ⁧س م ك(s-m-k) in the sense of "to nourish", "to make well-fed", "to fatten up livestock".

Verb[edit]

سَمَّكَ (sammaka) II, non-pastيُسَمِّكُ⁩‎ (yusammiku)

  1. to thicken
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سُمْك (sumkm

  1. thickness
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From the root ⁧س م ك(s-m-k), in the sense of "to be elevated or lofty", "to be supported or held up".

Noun[edit]

سَمْك (samkm

  1. roof, ceiling
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicسَمَك(samak, fish).

Noun[edit]

سمك (semek) (pluralسماك(simak))

  1. fish, a cold-blooded animal that lives in water
    Synonyms:بالق(balık), ⁧حوت(hut), ⁧ماهی(mahi)

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
س م ك
2 terms

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicسَمَك(samak).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sa.mak/, [ˈsa.mak]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

سمك (samakm (collective, singulativeسمكة⁩ f (samake), paucalسمكات(samakāt))

  1. fish