شمشیر

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See also: شمشێر

Persian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian šmšyl ‎(šamšēr) / špšyl ‎(šafšēr, sword). Compare Manichaean Middle Persian šfšyr ‎(šafšēr, sword) and Manichaean Parthian sfsyr ‎(safsēr, sword). Akin to Old Armenian սուսեր ‎(suser, sword), Classical Syriac ܣܦܣܝܪܐ ‎(sap̄sērāʾ, sword), Jewish Babylonian Aramaic ספסרא, ספסירא ‎(sap̄sērāʾ, sword), Ancient Greek σαμψήρα ‎(sampsḗra, foreign sword), and possibly Italian scimitarra ‎(scimitar).

Related to شفشه ‎(šafše) / شوشه ‎(šuše, ingot).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari شمشیر
Iranian Persian شمشیر
Tajik шамшер ‎(šamšer)

شمشیر ‎(šamšir) ‎(plural شمشیرها ‎(šamšir-hâ))

  1. sword, scimitar, shamshir

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • spsyr”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “šafšēr”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press
  • M. J. Kümmel, "Sprachkontakt und Sprachwandel", 2010, page 33

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian شمشیر ‎(šamšir).

Noun[edit]

شمشیر ‎(śamśer, śamśīrf ‎(Hindi spelling शमशेर or शमशीर)

  1. sword, scimitar, shamshir