شيطان

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See also: شیطان

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Often interpreted as coming from the root ش ي ط (š-y-ṭ) meaning “to burn, scorch” and the ـَان (-ān) suffix forming adjectives. Given the historical precedence of Hebrew texts wherein the word is of relevance, it is likely that the Arabic word is a reinterpretation of Hebrew שָׂטָן (śāṭān), from a root relating to opposition or accusation.

Cognate with Classical Syriac ܣܛܢܐ (sāṭānā), Hebrew שָׂטָן (śāṭān), Ge'ez ሠይጣን (śäyṭan), Ge'ez ሰይጣን (säyṭan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَيْطَان (šayṭānm (plural شَيَاطِين (šayāṭīn))

  1. (religion) Satan, devil, shaitan
  2. demon, fiend

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • شيطان” in J.A. Haywood and H.M. Nahmad (1965), A new Arabic grammar (second edition), London: Lund Humphries, →ISBN
  • Leslau, Wolf (1991) Comparative Dictionary of Geʿez (Classical Ethiopic), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, pages 522–523
  • Nöldeke, Theodor (1910) Neue Beiträge zur semitischen Sprachwissenschaft[1], Straßburg: Karl J. Trübner, page 47
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “شيطن”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN