شيطان

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See also: شیطان

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Often interpreted as coming from the root ش ي ط(š-y-ṭ) meaning “to burn, scorch” and the ـَان(-ān) suffix forming adjectives. Given the historical precedence of Hebrew texts wherein the word is of relevance, it is likely that the Arabic word is a reinterpretation of Hebrew שָׂטָן(śāṭān), from a root relating to opposition or accusation.

Cognate with Classical Syriac ܣܛܢܐ(sāṭānā), Hebrew שָׂטָן(śāṭān), Ge'ez ሠይጣን (śäyṭan), ሰይጣን (säyṭan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَيْطَان (šayṭānm (plural شَيَاطِين(šayāṭīn))

  1. (defined) Satan, shaitan, the Devil
    Synonym: إِبْلِيس(ʾiblīs)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 2:208:
      يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ادْخُلُوا فِي السِّلْمِ كَافَّةً وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُبِينٌ
      O you who have believed, enter into Islam completely [and perfectly] and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.
  2. (religion) devil, evil jinn
  3. demon, fiend

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Haywood, J.A.; Nahmad, H.M. (1965), “شيطان”, in A new Arabic grammar, 2nd edition, London: Lund Humphries, →ISBN
  • Leslau, Wolf (1991) Comparative Dictionary of Geʿez (Classical Ethiopic), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, pages 522–523
  • Nöldeke, Theodor (1910) Neue Beiträge zur semitischen Sprachwissenschaft[1] (in German), Straßburg: Karl J. Trübner, page 47
  • Praetorius, Franz (1907), “Äthiopische Etymologien”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[2] (in German), volume 61, pages 619–620
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “شيطن”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN