صفة

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root و ص ف(w-ṣ-f); compare وَصَفَ(waṣafa, to describe, to characterize).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

صِفَة (ṣifaf (plural صِفَات(ṣifāt))

  1. verbal noun of وَصَفَ(waṣafa) (form I)
  2. quality, feature, characteristic
  3. (grammar) adjective
    Hyponyms: صِفَة مُشَبَّهَة(ṣifa(t) mušabbaha), اِسْم فَاعِل(ism fāʿil), اِسْم مَفْعُول(ism mafʿūl), اِسْم تَفْضِيل(ism tafḍīl)
  4. (linguistics) feature
  5. attribute
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Carter, Michael George (2017) , “The Seven Deadly Sins of Arabic Studies”, in Manuel Sartori, Manuela E. B. Giolfo, Philippe Cassuto, editors, Approaches to the History and Dialectology of Arabic in Honor of Pierre Larcher (Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics; 88), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 521–522, 527–531

Etymology 2[edit]

From Aramaic צִפָּא‎ / צִיפָּא(ṣippā), צִפְּתָא‎ / צִיפְּתָא(sippəṯā) / ܨܝܦܬܐ‎ / ܨܶܦ݁ܬ݂ܳܐ(ṣeppəṯā, mat), suspected to be from Akkadian 𒍦𒉺𒀀𒌅 (ṣip-pa-a-tu /ṣippatu/, a type of reed), or instead סִפָּא‎ / סִיפָּא(sippā) / ܣܷܦܴ݁ܐ(seppā, threshold, doorpost), alleged to be from Akkadian 𒈨𒁍 (sip-pu /sippu/, doorsill) but possibly cognate to it.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

صُفَّة (ṣuffaf (plural صُفَف(ṣufaf) or صِفَاف(ṣifāf))

  1. bench, stone bench
  2. sofa, sill, shelf, console
  3. vestibule, anteroom, entrance-room, portico, an elevated room over or before an edifice including a mosque and even over a sepulchre
    أَهْلُ الصُّفَّةِ‎ ― ʾahlu ṣ-ṣuffatithe companions of Mohammed
  4. seat of a saddle
  5. a small part, a little of
  6. a short while, a trice
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

References[edit]