ضابط

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from the active participle of ضَبَطَ(ḍabaṭa, to regulate etc.), from the root ض ب ط(ḍ-b-ṭ).

Noun[edit]

ضَابِط (ḍābiṭm (plural ضُبَّاط(ḍubbāṭ), feminine ضَابِطَة(ḍābiṭa))

  1. officer
  2. (dialectal, Iraq) tenant farmer or villein
    • 1809, Rousseau, Jean-Baptiste, Description du Pachalik de Bagdad, suivie d’une Notice historique sur les Wahabis et de quelques aulres pièces relatives à l’Historie et à la Littérature de l’Orient[1], Paris: Treuttel et Würtz, page 65, also 66, 81:
      Comme le choix des zabets ou fermiers depend entièrement du caprice du propriétaire, la durée de la location dépend aussi de sa volontée, et elle cesse aussitôt que le fermier qu’il a choisi ne le satisfait pas par l’exactitude des payemens, soit en denrées, soit en argent.
      Like the choice of ḍubbāt (note: one transcribes the better-known “officer” meaning alike in French) entirely depends on the caprice of the owner, the durity of the location also depends on his will, and it passes as early as the farmer which he has chosen does not satisfy the exaction of payments, be it in kind or be it in money.
    Synonym: إِرِّيس(ʾirrīs)
    Hypernyms: مُزَارِع(muzāriʿ), زَرَّاع(zarrāʿ), حَرَّاث(ḥarrāṯ), أَكَّار(ʾakkār), كَافِر(kāfir), فَلَّاح(fallāḥ)
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Ottoman Turkish: ضابط(zabit)
    • Turkish: zabit
    • Romanian: zabet

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ضَابِط (ḍābiṭm (plural ضَوَابِط(ḍawābiṭ))

  1. reglement, regulation, custom, usage
  2. (obsolete) pair of compasses
    Synonyms: بِرْكَار(birkār), دَوَّارَة(dawwāra)
    • a. 1050, مروان بن جناح‎ [Marwān ibn Janāḥ], Gerrit Bos, Fabian Käs, editors, كتاب التلخيص [kitāb at-talḵīṣ] [On the Nomenclature of Medicinal Drugs], Leiden: Brill, published 2020, DOI:10.1163/9789004413344, →ISBN, 173 (fol. 17r,4–6), page 362:
      البركار بالراء هو الضابط عن أبي الفتوح، قرأتُ في إصلاح المنطق للدينوري: والبرجار يقال إنّه البركار.‎‎
      Birkār with r is pair of compasses after Abū al-Futūḥ, and I have read in the Improvement of Speech of Ad-Dīnawarī that birjār is birkār.
Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Munji[edit]

Noun[edit]

ضابط (zābat)

  1. officer

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic ضَابِط(ḍābiṭ).

Noun[edit]

ضابط (zabit) (plural ضابطانor ضابطلر‎)

  1. officer

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]