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Classical Syriac[edit]


From Akkadian 𒀀𒂵𒄠 (agammu [A.GA.AM]), from Sumerian 𒀀𒂵𒄠 (agam). Compare Arabic أَجَمَة (ʾaǧama(t), jungle) and Hebrew אֲגַם (ʾăḡam, lake).


  • IPA(key): [ʔɛɣmɑ(ʔ)], [ʔaɣmɑ(ʔ)], [ʔɑɣmɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʔɛɣme(ʔ)], [ʔaɣme(ʔ)], [ʔɑɣme(ʔ)] (plural)


ܐܓܡܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܐܓܡܐ)

  1. swamp, marsh, meadow
  2. pool, standing water
  3. (botany) reed (especially Egyptian papyrus)



  • )gm”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 2b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 3a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 7b