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Classical Syriac[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From the root ܚ-ܝ-ܐ (IPA(key): /ħ-j-ʔ/) related to living; compare Arabic حَيَاة ‎(ḥayāh), Hebrew חַיִּים ‎(ḥayyîm).



ܚܝܐ ‎(ḥayyēʾm ‎(plural only; not used in singular form)

  1. life, lives
  2. salvation
  3. subsistence, sustenance, nourishment


Usage notes[edit]

Although plural in number, this word may take a verb in either the plural or singular.

See also[edit]


  • "xyyn" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 103a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 139a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 444b