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Classical Syriac[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From the root ܚ-ܝ-ܐ (ḥ-y-ʾ) related to living; compare Arabic حَيَاة (ḥayāh), Hebrew חַיִּים (ḥayyîm).



ܚܝܐ (ḥayyēm (plural only; not used in singular form)

  1. life, lives
  2. salvation
  3. subsistence, sustenance, nourishment

Usage notes[edit]

Although plural in number, this word may take a verb in either the plural or singular.


See also[edit]


  • xyyn”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2011-09-23
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 103a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 139a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 444b