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Classical Syriac[edit]


From the root ܚ-ܢ-ܢ (ḥ-n-n) related to pitying. Compare Hebrew חֲנִינָה (ḥănīnā), Arabic حَنَان (ḥanān, tenderness), حَنِين (ḥanīn, longing, nostalgia).



ܚܢܢܐ (ḥənānā) m (uncountable)

  1. compassion, mercy, clemency
  2. pity, pitifulness
  3. favor/favour, grace
  4. compound of oil, dust, and water mixed with relics of saints or with earth from holy places used for anointing the sick



  • xnn%232”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, page 109b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 149b
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, page 472b