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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ܟ-ܘ-ܠ (k-w-l) related to measuring; compare Arabic كَيْل (kayl). The sense of "paradigm" is a calque of Arabic وَزْن (wazn).


  • IPA(key): [kajlɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [kajle(ʔ)] (plural)


ܟܝܠܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܟܝܠܐ)

  1. kind of measure used for wine, oil, grain, etc.
  2. (figuratively) amount, quantity
  3. (poetry, prosody) metre
  4. (grammar) paradigm, inflectional pattern or form

Proper noun[edit]

ܟܝܠܐ (transliteration needed)

  1. (astronomy) name of a star

Etymology 2[edit]

Modified from above. Compare Arabic كَيَّال (kayyāl).


  • IPA(key): [kajjɑlɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [kajjɑle(ʔ)] (plural)


ܟܝܠܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܟܝܠܐ)

  1. measurer, weigher


  • kyl”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 155a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 213a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 618b