अंशु

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See also: अंश

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hanĉúš, presumably a loanword from Uralic substratum per Lubotsky. Cognate to Young Avestan 𐬄𐬯𐬎 (ąsu).

Noun[edit]

अंशु (aṃśúm

  1. filament, stalk (especially of the Soma plant)
    • RV 4.22.8
      पिपीळे अंशुर मद्यो न सिन्धुर आ तवा शमी शशमानस्य शक्तिः |
      अस्मद्र्यक छुशुचानस्य यम्या आशुर न रश्मिं तुव्योजसं गोः ||
      pipīḷe aṃśur madyo na sindhur ā tvā śamī śaśamānasya śaktiḥ |
      asmadryak chuśucānasya yamyā āśur na raśmiṃ tuvyojasaṃ ghoḥ ||
      Pressed is the gladdening stalk as ’twere a river: so let the rite, the toiler's power, attract thee
      To us-ward, of the Bright One, as the courser strains his. exceedingly strong leather bridle.
  2. kind of Soma libation
  3. thread
  4. end of a thread, a minute particle
  5. point, end
  6. array, sunbeam
  7. cloth
  8. name of a rishi
    • RV 8.5.26
      यथोत कर्त्व्ये धने.अंशुं गोष्वगस्त्यम |
      यथा वाजेषु सोभरिम ||
      athota kṛtvye dhane.aṃśuṃ ghoṣvaghastyam |
      yathā vājeṣu sobharim ||
      And Amsu in decisive fight, Agastya in the fray for kine.
      And, in his battles, Sobhari.
  9. name of an ancient Vedic teacher, son of a धनंजय (dhanaṃjaya)
  10. name of a prince

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of अंशु
Nom. sg. अंशुः (aṃśuḥ)
Gen. sg. अंशोः (aṃśoḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अंशुः (aṃśuḥ) अंशू (aṃśū) अंशवः (aṃśavaḥ)
Vocative अंशो (aṃśo) अंशू (aṃśū) अंशवः (aṃśavaḥ)
Accusative अंशुम् (aṃśum) अंशू (aṃśū) अंशून् (aṃśūn)
Instrumental अंशुना (aṃśunā) अंशुभ्याम् (aṃśubhyām) अंशुभिः (aṃśubhiḥ)
Dative अंशवे (aṃśave) अंशुभ्याम् (aṃśubhyām) अंशुभ्यः (aṃśubhyaḥ)
Ablative अंशोः (aṃśoḥ) अंशुभ्याम् (aṃśubhyām) अंशुभ्यः (aṃśubhyaḥ)
Genitive अंशोः (aṃśoḥ) अंश्वोः (aṃśvoḥ) अंशूनाम् (aṃśūnām)
Locative अंशौ (aṃśau) अंश्वोः (aṃśvoḥ) अंशुषु (aṃśuṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0001