अंश

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: अंशु

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit अंश (áṃśa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

अंश (ãñśm (Urdu spelling انش)

  1. part, portion
  2. degree
  3. amount

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Presumably from Proto-Indo-European *h₁onḱos, with possible cognate of Ancient Greek ὄγκος (ónkos, mass, burden). Probably not reconstructable for Proto-Indo-European proper, but a derivative of *h₁neḱ- (to carry) or *h₂neḱ- (to reach).

The word was borrowed into Finno-Ugric from Indo-Iranian source, before the merger of Proto-Indo-European */a/, */o/ and */e/ into Proto-Indo-Iranian */a/ occurred; compare Finnish and Estonian osa (part) and Hungarian oszt (to divide).

Noun[edit]

अंश (áṃśam

  1. a share, portion, part, party
    • RV 10.31.3
      अधायि धीतिरसस्र्ग्रमंशास्तीर्थे न दस्ममुपयन्त्युमाः |
      अभ्यानश्म सुवितस्य शूषं नवेदसोम्र्तानामभूम ||
      adhāyi dhītirasasṛghr'amaṃśāstīrthe na dasmamupayantyumāḥ |
      abhyānaśma suvitasya śūṣaṃ navedasoamṛtānāmabhūma ||
      The hymn is formed, poured are the allotted portions: as to a ford friends come unto the Wondrous.
      We have obtained the power of case and comfort, we have become acquainted, with Immortals.
  2. partition, inheritance
  3. a share of booty
  4. earnest money
  5. stake (in betting)
  6. a lot
  7. the denominator of a fraction
  8. a degree of latitude or longitude
  9. a day
  10. name of an Aditya
    • RV 2.27.1
      इमा गिर आदित्येभ्यो घर्तस्नूः सनाद राजभ्यो जुह्वा जुहोमि |
      शर्णोतु मित्रो अर्यमा भगो नस्तुविजातो वरुणो दक्षो अंशः ||
      imā ghira ādityebhyo ghṛtasnūḥ sanād rājabhyo juhvā juhomi |
      śṛṇotu mitro aryamā bhagho nastuvijāto varuṇo dakṣo aṃśaḥ ||
      THESE hymns that drop down fatness, with the ladle I ever offer to the Kings Ādityas.
      May Mitra, Aryaman, and Bhaga hear us, the mighty Varuṇa Dakṣa, and Aṁśa.

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of अंश
Nom. sg. अंशः (aṃśaḥ)
Gen. sg. अंशस्य (aṃśasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अंशः (aṃśaḥ) अंशौ (aṃśau) अंशाः (aṃśāḥ)
Vocative अंश (aṃśa) अंशौ (aṃśau) अंशाः (aṃśāḥ)
Accusative अंशम् (aṃśam) अंशौ (aṃśau) अंशान् (aṃśān)
Instrumental अंशेन (aṃśena) अंशाभ्याम् (aṃśābhyām) अंशैः (aṃśaiḥ)
Dative अंशाय (aṃśāya) अंशाभ्याम् (aṃśābhyām) अंशेभ्यः (aṃśebhyaḥ)
Ablative अंशात् (aṃśāt) अंशाभ्याम् (aṃśābhyām) अंशेभ्यः (aṃśebhyaḥ)
Genitive अंशस्य (aṃśasya) अंशयोः (aṃśayoḥ) अंशानाम् (aṃśānām)
Locative अंशे (aṃśe) अंशयोः (aṃśayoḥ) अंशेषु (aṃśeṣu)

References[edit]

  • अंश” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, OCLC 186102264, page 1.
  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0001
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 001
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 001