अंश

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See also: अंशु

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit अंश (áṃśa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

अंश (anśm (Urdu spelling انش)

  1. part, portion
    इस विवाद में सच का एक अंश तक नहीं है।
    is vivād mẽ sac kā ek anś tak nahī̃ hai.
    There is not even a morsel of truth in this debate.
    Synonyms: हिस्सा (hissā)
  2. degree
  3. amount

Declension[edit]

Declension of अंश
Singular Plural
Direct अंश (anś) अंश (anś)
Oblique अंश (anś) अंशों (anśõ)
Vocative अंश (anś) अंशो (anśo)

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hánśas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hánĉas (share, part, portion), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ónḱos. Cognate with Avestan 𐬄𐬯𐬀 (ąsa, share, part), Ancient Greek ὄγκος (ónkos, mass, burden). *h₁ónḱos may be a derivative of *h₁neḱ- (to carry) or *h₂neḱ- (to reach).

The word was borrowed into Finno-Ugric from Proto-Indo-Iranian before the merger of Proto-Indo-European */a/, */o/ and */e/ into Proto-Indo-Iranian */a/ occurred; compare Estonian and Finnish osa (part) and Hungarian oszt (to divide).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

अंश (áṃśam

  1. a share, portion, part, party
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.31.03
      अधायि धीतिरससृग्रमंशास्तीर्थे न दस्ममुप यन्त्यूमाः ।
      अभ्यानश्म सुवितस्य शूषं नवेदसो अमृतानामभूम ॥
      adhāyi dhītirasasṛgramaṃśāstīrthe na dasmamupa yantyūmāḥ .
      abhyānaśma suvitasya śūṣaṃ navedaso amṛtānāmabhūma .
      The hymn is formed, poured are the allotted portions: as to a ford friends come unto the Wondrous.
      We have obtained the power of case and comfort, we have become acquainted, with Immortals.
  2. partition, inheritance
  3. a share of booty
  4. earnest money
  5. stake (in betting)
  6. a lot
  7. the denominator of a fraction
  8. a degree of latitude or longitude
  9. a day
  10. name of an Aditya
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 2.27.01
      इमा गिर आदित्येभ्यो घृतस्नूः सनाद्राजभ्यो जुह्वा जुहोमि ।
      शृणोतु मित्रो अर्यमा भगो नस्तुविजातो वरुणो दक्षो अंशः ॥
      imā gira ādityebhyo ghṛtasnūḥ sanādrājabhyo juhvā juhomi .
      śṛṇotu mitro aryamā bhago nastuvijāto varuṇo dakṣo aṃśaḥ .
      These hymns that drop down fatness, with the ladle I ever offer to the Kings Ādityas.
      May Mitra, Aryaman, and Bhaga hear us, the mighty Varuṇa Dakṣa, and Aṁśa.

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of अंश (áṃśa)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अंशः
áṃśaḥ
अंशौ
áṃśau
अंशाः / अंशासः¹
áṃśāḥ / áṃśāsaḥ¹
Vocative अंश
áṃśa
अंशौ
áṃśau
अंशाः / अंशासः¹
áṃśāḥ / áṃśāsaḥ¹
Accusative अंशम्
áṃśam
अंशौ
áṃśau
अंशान्
áṃśān
Instrumental अंशेन
áṃśena
अंशाभ्याम्
áṃśābhyām
अंशैः / अंशेभिः¹
áṃśaiḥ / áṃśebhiḥ¹
Dative अंशाय
áṃśāya
अंशाभ्याम्
áṃśābhyām
अंशेभ्यः
áṃśebhyaḥ
Ablative अंशात्
áṃśāt
अंशाभ्याम्
áṃśābhyām
अंशेभ्यः
áṃśebhyaḥ
Genitive अंशस्य
áṃśasya
अंशयोः
áṃśayoḥ
अंशानाम्
áṃśānām
Locative अंशे
áṃśe
अंशयोः
áṃśayoḥ
अंशेषु
áṃśeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • अंश” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, OCLC 186102264, page 1.
  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0001
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 001
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 001