अंश

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See also: अंशु

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit अंश (áṃśa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

अंश (anśm (Urdu spelling انش‎)

  1. part, portion
    इस विवाद में सच का एक अंश तक नहीं है।
    is vivād mẽ sac kā ek anś tak nahī̃ hai.
    There is not even a morsel of truth in this debate.
    Synonym: हिस्सा (hissā)
  2. degree
  3. amount

Declension[edit]

Declension of अंश
Singular Plural
Direct अंश (anś) अंश (anś)
Oblique अंश (anś) अंशों (anśõ)
Vocative अंश (anś) अंशो (anśo)

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hánśas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hánĉas (share, part, portion), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ónḱos. Cognate with Avestan 𐬄𐬯𐬀(ąsa, share, part), Ancient Greek ὄγκος (ónkos, mass, burden). *h₁ónḱos may be a derivative of *h₁neḱ- (to carry) or *h₂neḱ- (to reach).

The word was borrowed into Finno-Ugric from Proto-Indo-Iranian before the merger of Proto-Indo-European */a/, */o/ and */e/ into Proto-Indo-Iranian */a/ occurred; compare Estonian and Finnish osa (part) and Hungarian oszt (to divide).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

अंश (áṃśam

  1. a share, portion, part, party
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.31.03:
      अधायि धीतिरससृग्रमंशास्तीर्थे न दस्ममुप यन्त्यूमाः ।
      अभ्यानश्म सुवितस्य शूषं नवेदसो अमृतानामभूम ॥
      adhāyi dhītirasasṛgramaṃśāstīrthe na dasmamupa yantyūmāḥ .
      abhyānaśma suvitasya śūṣaṃ navedaso amṛtānāmabhūma .
      The hymn is formed, poured are the allotted portions: as to a ford friends come unto the Wondrous.
      We have obtained the power of case and comfort, we have become acquainted, with Immortals.
  2. partition, inheritance
  3. a share of booty
  4. earnest money
  5. stake (in betting)
  6. a lot
  7. the denominator of a fraction
  8. a degree of latitude or longitude
  9. a day
  10. name of an Aditya
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 2.27.01:
      इमा गिर आदित्येभ्यो घृतस्नूः सनाद्राजभ्यो जुह्वा जुहोमि ।
      शृणोतु मित्रो अर्यमा भगो नस्तुविजातो वरुणो दक्षो अंशः ॥
      imā gira ādityebhyo ghṛtasnūḥ sanādrājabhyo juhvā juhomi .
      śṛṇotu mitro aryamā bhago nastuvijāto varuṇo dakṣo aṃśaḥ .
      These hymns that drop down fatness, with the ladle I ever offer to the Kings Ādityas.
      May Mitra, Aryaman, and Bhaga hear us, the mighty Varuṇa Dakṣa, and Aṁśa.

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of अंश (áṃśa)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अंशः
áṃśaḥ
अंशौ
áṃśau
अंशाः / अंशासः¹
áṃśāḥ / áṃśāsaḥ¹
Vocative अंश
áṃśa
अंशौ
áṃśau
अंशाः / अंशासः¹
áṃśāḥ / áṃśāsaḥ¹
Accusative अंशम्
áṃśam
अंशौ
áṃśau
अंशान्
áṃśān
Instrumental अंशेन
áṃśena
अंशाभ्याम्
áṃśābhyām
अंशैः / अंशेभिः¹
áṃśaiḥ / áṃśebhiḥ¹
Dative अंशाय
áṃśāya
अंशाभ्याम्
áṃśābhyām
अंशेभ्यः
áṃśebhyaḥ
Ablative अंशात्
áṃśāt
अंशाभ्याम्
áṃśābhyām
अंशेभ्यः
áṃśebhyaḥ
Genitive अंशस्य
áṃśasya
अंशयोः
áṃśayoḥ
अंशानाम्
áṃśānām
Locative अंशे
áṃśe
अंशयोः
áṃśayoḥ
अंशेषु
áṃśeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • अंश” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, OCLC 186102264, page 1.
  • Monier Williams (1899), “अंश”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 0001.
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 001
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 001