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Borrowing from Sanskrit अंश ‎(áṃśa).



अंश ‎(ãñśm ‎(Urdu spelling انش)

  1. part, portion
  2. degree
  3. amount



Presumably from Proto-Indo-European *h₁onḱos, with possible cognate of Ancient Greek ὄγκος ‎(ónkos, mass, burden). Probably not reconstructable for Proto-Indo-European proper, but a derivative of *h₁neḱ- ‎(to carry) or *h₂neḱ- ‎(to reach).

The word was borrowed into Finno-Ugric from Indo-Iranian source, before the merger of Proto-Indo-European */a/, */o/ and */e/ into Proto-Indo-Iranian */a/ occurred; compare Finnish and Estonian osa ‎(part) and Hungarian oszt ‎(to divide).


अंश ‎(áṃśam

  1. a share, portion, part, party
    • RV 10.31.3
      अधायि धीतिरसस्र्ग्रमंशास्तीर्थे न दस्ममुपयन्त्युमाः |
      अभ्यानश्म सुवितस्य शूषं नवेदसोम्र्तानामभूम ||
      adhāyi dhītirasasṛghr'amaṃśāstīrthe na dasmamupayantyumāḥ |
      abhyānaśma suvitasya śūṣaṃ navedasoamṛtānāmabhūma ||
      The hymn is formed, poured are the allotted portions: as to a ford friends come unto the Wondrous.
      We have obtained the power of case and comfort, we have become acquainted, with Immortals.
  2. partition, inheritance
  3. a share of booty
  4. earnest money
  5. stake (in betting)
  6. a lot
  7. the denominator of a fraction
  8. a degree of latitude or longitude
  9. a day
  10. name of an Aditya
    • RV 2.27.1
      इमा गिर आदित्येभ्यो घर्तस्नूः सनाद राजभ्यो जुह्वा जुहोमि |
      शर्णोतु मित्रो अर्यमा भगो नस्तुविजातो वरुणो दक्षो अंशः ||
      imā ghira ādityebhyo ghṛtasnūḥ sanād rājabhyo juhvā juhomi |
      śṛṇotu mitro aryamā bhagho nastuvijāto varuṇo dakṣo aṃśaḥ ||
      THESE hymns that drop down fatness, with the ladle I ever offer to the Kings Ādityas.
      May Mitra, Aryaman, and Bhaga hear us, the mighty Varuṇa Dakṣa, and Aṁśa.


Masculine a-stem declension of अंश
Nom. sg. अंशः ‎(aṃśaḥ)
Gen. sg. अंशस्य ‎(aṃśasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अंशः ‎(aṃśaḥ) अंशौ ‎(aṃśau) अंशाः ‎(aṃśāḥ)
Vocative अंश ‎(aṃśa) अंशौ ‎(aṃśau) अंशाः ‎(aṃśāḥ)
Accusative अंशम् ‎(aṃśam) अंशौ ‎(aṃśau) अंशान् ‎(aṃśān)
Instrumental अंशेन ‎(aṃśena) अंशाभ्याम् ‎(aṃśābhyām) अंशैः ‎(aṃśaiḥ)
Dative अंशाय ‎(aṃśāya) अंशाभ्याम् ‎(aṃśābhyām) अंशेभ्यः ‎(aṃśebhyaḥ)
Ablative अंशात् ‎(aṃśāt) अंशाभ्याम् ‎(aṃśābhyām) अंशेभ्यः ‎(aṃśebhyaḥ)
Genitive अंशस्य ‎(aṃśasya) अंशयोः ‎(aṃśayoḥ) अंशानाम् ‎(aṃśānām)
Locative अंशे ‎(aṃśe) अंशयोः ‎(aṃśayoḥ) अंशेषु ‎(aṃśeṣu)


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0001
  • Carl Capeller, A Sanskrit-English dictionary, based upon the St. Petersburg lexicons, London: Luzac & Co., 1891, page 001
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 001
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 001