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From Proto-Indo-European *h₂onkos ‎(hook). Cognates include Ancient Greek ὄγκος ‎(ónkos), Latin uncus, Old East Slavic паукъ ‎(paukŭ).


अङ्क ‎(aṅkám

  1. hook
    • RV 1.162.13d
      यन नीक्षणं मांस्पचन्या उखाया या पात्राणि यूष्णासेचनानि |
      ऊष्मण्यापिधाना चरूणामङकाः सूनाःपरि भूषन्त्यश्वम ||
      yan nīkṣaṇaṃ māṃspacanyā ukhāyā yā pātrāṇi yūṣṇaāsecanāni |
      ūṣmaṇyāpidhānā carūṇāmaṅkāḥ sūnāḥpari bhūṣantyaśvam ||
      The trial-fork of the flesh-cooking caldron, the vessels out of which the broth is sprinkled,
      The warming-pots, the covers of the dishes, hooks, carving-boards,—all these attend the Charger.
  2. (in the dual) part of a chariot
  3. curve
  4. the curve in the human, especially the female, figure above the hip (where infants sitting, astride are carried by mothers hence often = 'breast' or 'lap')
  5. side, flank
  6. body
  7. proximity, place
  8. the bend in the arm
  9. any hook or crooked instrument
  10. curved line
  11. a numerical figure, cipher, a figure or mark branded on an animal etc.
  12. any mark, line, stroke, ornament, stigma
  13. a number
  14. the numbers one and nine
  15. coefficient
  16. act of a drama
  17. drama
  18. military show, sham-fight
  19. misdeed, sin


Masculine a-stem declension of अङ्क
Nom. sg. अङ्कः ‎(aṅkaḥ)
Gen. sg. अङ्कस्य ‎(aṅkasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अङ्कः ‎(aṅkaḥ) अङ्कौ ‎(aṅkau) अङ्काः ‎(aṅkāḥ)
Vocative अङ्क ‎(aṅka) अङ्कौ ‎(aṅkau) अङ्काः ‎(aṅkāḥ)
Accusative अङ्कम् ‎(aṅkam) अङ्कौ ‎(aṅkau) अङ्कान् ‎(aṅkān)
Instrumental अङ्केन ‎(aṅkena) अङ्काभ्याम् ‎(aṅkābhyām) अङ्कैः ‎(aṅkaiḥ)
Dative अङ्काय ‎(aṅkāya) अङ्काभ्याम् ‎(aṅkābhyām) अङ्केभ्यः ‎(aṅkebhyaḥ)
Ablative अङ्कात् ‎(aṅkāt) अङ्काभ्याम् ‎(aṅkābhyām) अङ्केभ्यः ‎(aṅkebhyaḥ)
Genitive अङ्कस्य ‎(aṅkasya) अङ्कयोः ‎(aṅkayoḥ) अङ्कानाम् ‎(aṅkānām)
Locative अङ्के ‎(aṅke) अङ्कयोः ‎(aṅkayoḥ) अङ्केषु ‎(aṅkeṣu)


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0007