छोटा

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Ashokan Prakrit *𑀙𑁄𑀝𑁆𑀝 (*choṭṭa). Compare Nepali छोटो (choṭo, small), Gujarati છોટું (choṭũ), Punjabi ਛੋਟਾ (choṭā, small), Oriya ଛୋଟ (choṭô, small, lesser), Assamese ছোট (süto, junior, low grade).

Earlier lexicographers spuriously suggested Sanskrit क्षुद्रक (kṣudraka, small, insignificant) but from this one would expect > MIA *khuḍḍaga ~ *chuḍḍaga > NIA *khūḍā ~ *chūḍā, with Hindi generally preferring *kh-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /t͡ʃʰoː.ʈɑː/, [t͡ʃʰoː.ʈäː]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: छो‧टा

Adjective[edit]

छोटा (choṭā) (Urdu spelling چھوٹا‎)

  1. little, small
    बाहर एक छोटा बच्चा खड़ा है।
    bāhar ek choṭā baccā khaṛā hai.
    There's a small child standing outside.
    छोटी सी दुकानchoṭī sī dukāna small shop
  2. younger, junior, minor, lesser
    छोटा भाईchoṭā bhāīyounger brother
    छोटी बहनchoṭī bahanyounger sister
  3. subordinate, inferior, common
  4. trivial, trifling, unimportant, of no consequence
    छोटी बातchoṭī bāttrivial matter
  5. low, mean, insignificant, contemptible; common
    अगर छोटे आदमी को आवाज़ मिलती है तो वह छोटा नहीं रहता है।
    agar choṭe ādmī ko āvāz miltī hai to vah choṭā nahī̃ rahtā hai.
    If an insignificant man is given a voice he does not stay insignificant.
    छोटे लोगchoṭe loginsignificant people, powerless people

Declension[edit]

Borrowings[edit]

Kashmiri: ژھۆٹ(ċhoṭ)

References[edit]