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From Proto-Indo-European *bʰāǵʰus. Cognate with English bough, Old Persian 𐎲𐎠𐏀𐎢 (bāzu), from which Modern Persian بازو (bâzu) is derived; Ancient Greek πῆχυς (pêkhus, forearm). Also akin to Old Armenian բազուկ (bazuk), an Iranian borrowing.


बाहु (bāhum, f

  1. the arm, (especially) the fore-arm, the arm between the elbow and the wrist (opp. to प्र-गण्ड q.v.; in medic. the whole upper extremity of the body, as opp. to सक्थि, the lower extremity).
  2. the arm as a measure of length (= 12 अङ्गुलs).
  3. the fore-foot of an animal (esp. its upper part).
  4. the limb of a bow.
  5. the bar of a chariot-pole.
  6. the post (of a door; » द्वार-ब्°)
  7. (geometry) the side of an angular figure (esp. the base of a right-angled triangle).
  8. the shadow of the gnomon on a sun-dial.
  9. (also du.) the constellation आर्द्रा.


बाहु (bāhum

  1. Name of a दैत्य.
  2. Name of a prince (who brought ruin upon his family by his illegal actions).
  3. Name of a son of वृक.
  4. Name of a son of वज्र. [cf. Gk. πᾶχυς, πῆχυς; Germ. buog, Bug; Angl. Sax. bo1g; Eng. bough.]


  • Monier William's Sanskrit-English Dictionary, 2nd Ed. 1899