बाहु

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Sanskrit[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *baHźʰúṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰaHȷ́ʰúš, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂ǵʰús (arm). Cognate with Avestan 𐬠𐬁𐬰𐬎(bāzu), Old Persian 𐎲𐎠𐏀𐎢 (b-a-z-u /bāzu/), (whence Persian بازو(bâzu)), Ancient Greek πῆχυς (pêkhus, forearm), Old English bōg (whence English bough).

Noun[edit]

बाहु (bāhúm

  1. the arm, (especially) the fore-arm, the arm between the elbow and the wrist
  2. the arm as a measure of length (= 12 अङ्गुलs).
  3. the fore-foot of an animal (esp. its upper part).
  4. the limb of a bow.
  5. the bar of a chariot-pole.
  6. the post (of a door; » द्वार-ब्°)
  7. (geometry) the side of an angular figure (esp. the base of a right-angled triangle).
  8. the shadow of the gnomon on a sun-dial.
  9. (also du.) the constellation आर्द्रा.

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of बाहु (bāhú)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative बाहुः
bāhúḥ
बाहू
bāhū́
बाहवः
bāhávaḥ
Vocative बाहो
bā́ho
बाहू
bā́hū
बाहवः
bā́havaḥ
Accusative बाहुम्
bāhúm
बाहू
bāhū́
बाहून्
bāhū́n
Instrumental बाहुना / बाह्वा¹
bāhúnā / bāhvā̀¹
बाहुभ्याम्
bāhúbhyām
बाहुभिः
bāhúbhiḥ
Dative बाहवे / बाह्वे²
bāháve / bāhvè²
बाहुभ्याम्
bāhúbhyām
बाहुभ्यः
bāhúbhyaḥ
Ablative बाहोः / बाह्वः²
bāhóḥ / bāhvàḥ²
बाहुभ्याम्
bāhúbhyām
बाहुभ्यः
bāhúbhyaḥ
Genitive बाहोः / बाह्वः²
bāhóḥ / bāhvàḥ²
बाह्वोः
bāhvóḥ
बाहूनाम्
bāhūnā́m
Locative बाहौ
bāhaú
बाह्वोः
bāhvóḥ
बाहुषु
bāhúṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

बाहु (bāhum

  1. Name of a दैत्य.
  2. Name of a prince (who brought ruin upon his family by his illegal actions).
  3. Name of a son of वृक.
  4. Name of a son of वज्र.

References[edit]