मूत्र

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit मूत्र (mūtra). Doublet of मूत (mūt).

Noun[edit]

मूत्र (mūtram (Urdu spelling موتر‎)

  1. urine
    Synonyms: मूत (mūt), पेशाब (peśāb)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Indo-Iranian *múHtram (excrement, urine), from Proto-Indo-European *múHtrom (excrement, urine, filth). Cognate with Avestan 𐬨𐬏𐬚𐬭𐬀(mūθra, feces), Proto-Germanic *muþraz (filth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

मूत्र (mū́tran

  1. urine
    • c. 1200 BCE – 1000 BCE, Atharvaveda 1.3.9:
      यथेषुका परापतदवसृष्टाधि धन्वनः ।
      एवा ते मूत्रं मुच्यतां बहिर्बालिति सर्वकम् ॥
      yatheṣukā parāpatadavasṛṣṭādhi dhanvanaḥ .
      evā te mūtraṃ mucyatāṃ bahirbāliti sarvakam .
      Just as the arrow flies away when loosened from the archer's bow,
      Thus let the urine be discharged from channels that are blocked no more.
    Synonym: मेह (meha)

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of मूत्र (mū́tra)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative मूत्रम्
mū́tram
मूत्रे
mū́tre
मूत्राणि / मूत्रा¹
mū́trāṇi / mū́trā¹
Vocative मूत्र
mū́tra
मूत्रे
mū́tre
मूत्राणि / मूत्रा¹
mū́trāṇi / mū́trā¹
Accusative मूत्रम्
mū́tram
मूत्रे
mū́tre
मूत्राणि / मूत्रा¹
mū́trāṇi / mū́trā¹
Instrumental मूत्रेण
mū́treṇa
मूत्राभ्याम्
mū́trābhyām
मूत्रैः / मूत्रेभिः¹
mū́traiḥ / mū́trebhiḥ¹
Dative मूत्राय
mū́trāya
मूत्राभ्याम्
mū́trābhyām
मूत्रेभ्यः
mū́trebhyaḥ
Ablative मूत्रात्
mū́trāt
मूत्राभ्याम्
mū́trābhyām
मूत्रेभ्यः
mū́trebhyaḥ
Genitive मूत्रस्य
mū́trasya
मूत्रयोः
mū́trayoḥ
मूत्राणाम्
mū́trāṇām
Locative मूत्रे
mū́tre
मूत्रयोः
mū́trayoḥ
मूत्रेषु
mū́treṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]