मृत्यु

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See also: मृत्य

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit मृत्यु (mṛtyú), ultimately from a Proto-Indo-European root *mr̥t-, from *mer- (to die). Cognate to Spanish muerte.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

मृत्यु (mŕtyuf (Urdu spelling مرتیو)

  1. death
    यह रोगी मृत्यु के द्वार पर है।
    yah rogī mŕtyu ke dvār par hai.
    This patient is on the verge of death.
    जीवन और मृत्यु का प्रश्न है।
    jīvan aur mŕtyu kā praśna hai.
    It is a question of life and death.
  2. personification of Yama, the God of death

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “मृत्यु”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *mr̥tyúš (death), from Proto-Indo-European *mer- (to die). Cognate with Avestan 𐬨𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬚𐬌𐬌𐬎 (mərəθiiu), Old Persian [script needed] (məršiyu), Lithuanian mirtis, Latin mors.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /mr̩t̪.jú/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈmr̩t̪.ju/
  • Noun[edit]

    मृत्यु (mṛtyúm

    1. death, dying
    2. Death personified, the god of disease
    3. name of the god of love
    4. name of a particular ekāha
    5. (astrology) name of the 8th house
    6. (astrology) name of the 17th yoga

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine u-stem declension of मृत्यु (mṛtyú)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative मृत्युः
    mṛtyúḥ
    मृत्यू
    mṛtyū́
    मृत्यवः
    mṛtyávaḥ
    Vocative मृत्यो
    mṛ́tyo
    मृत्यू
    mṛ́tyū
    मृत्यवः
    mṛ́tyavaḥ
    Accusative मृत्युम्
    mṛtyúm
    मृत्यू
    mṛtyū́
    मृत्यून्
    mṛtyū́n
    Instrumental मृत्युना / मृत्य्वा¹
    mṛtyúnā / mṛtyvā̀¹
    मृत्युभ्याम्
    mṛtyúbhyām
    मृत्युभिः
    mṛtyúbhiḥ
    Dative मृत्यवे / मृत्य्वे²
    mṛtyáve / mṛtyvè²
    मृत्युभ्याम्
    mṛtyúbhyām
    मृत्युभ्यः
    mṛtyúbhyaḥ
    Ablative मृत्योः / मृत्य्वः²
    mṛtyóḥ / mṛtyvàḥ²
    मृत्युभ्याम्
    mṛtyúbhyām
    मृत्युभ्यः
    mṛtyúbhyaḥ
    Genitive मृत्योः / मृत्य्वः²
    mṛtyóḥ / mṛtyvàḥ²
    मृत्य्वोः
    mṛtyvóḥ
    मृत्यूनाम्
    mṛtyūnā́m
    Locative मृत्यौ
    mṛtyaú
    मृत्य्वोः
    mṛtyvóḥ
    मृत्युषु
    mṛtyúṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic
    • ²Less common

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0827