युग

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See also: योग

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit युग (yugá). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *yugóm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

युग (yugm

  1. age, epoch

Declension[edit]

Declension of युग
Singular Plural
Direct युग (yug) युग (yug)
Oblique युग (yug) युगों (yugõ)
Vocative युग (yug) युगो (yugo)

Related terms[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *yugám, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *yugám (compare Avestan 𐬫𐬎𐬎𐬀 (yuua), Persian یوغ (ǰuɣ)), from Proto-Indo-European *yugóm. Cognate with Ancient Greek ζυγόν (zugón), Latvian jūgs, Old Church Slavonic иго (igo), Latin iugum, Old English ġeoc (whence English yoke).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

युग (yugán

  1. yoke, team
  2. pair, couple, brace
  3. a race of men, generation
  4. a period or astronomical cycle of 5 (rarely 6) years, a lustrum (especially in the cycle of Jupiter)
  5. an age of the world, long mundane period of years
  6. a measure of length
  7. a symbolical name for the numbers 4 and 12
  8. name of a particular position or configuration of the moon

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of युग (yugá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative युगम्
yugám
युगे
yugé
युगानि / युगा¹
yugā́ni / yugā́¹
Vocative युग
yúga
युगे
yúge
युगानि / युगा¹
yúgāni / yúgā¹
Accusative युगम्
yugám
युगे
yugé
युगानि / युगा¹
yugā́ni / yugā́¹
Instrumental युगेन
yugéna
युगाभ्याम्
yugā́bhyām
युगैः / युगेभिः¹
yugaíḥ / yugébhiḥ¹
Dative युगाय
yugā́ya
युगाभ्याम्
yugā́bhyām
युगेभ्यः
yugébhyaḥ
Ablative युगात्
yugā́t
युगाभ्याम्
yugā́bhyām
युगेभ्यः
yugébhyaḥ
Genitive युगस्य
yugásya
युगयोः
yugáyoḥ
युगानाम्
yugā́nām
Locative युगे
yugé
युगयोः
yugáyoḥ
युगेषु
yugéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Monier Monier-Williams (accessed 2008-02-13), “Sanskrit-English Dictionary”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1]