युग

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See also: योग

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit युग (yugá).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /jʊɡ/

Noun[edit]

युग (yugm (Urdu spelling یگ‎)

  1. age, epoch

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

युग n

  1. Devanagari script form of yuga (“pair; generation”)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

युग m

  1. Devanagari script form of yuga (“yoke”)

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *yugám, from Proto-Indo-European *yugóm. Cognate with Avestan 𐬫𐬎𐬎𐬀(yuua), Ancient Greek ζυγόν (zugón), Latin iugum, Old English ġeoc (whence English yoke).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

युग (yugán

  1. (literally) yoke
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 3.53.17:
      स्थि॒रौ गावौ॑ भवतां वी॒ळुरक्षो॒ मेषा वि व॑र्हि॒ मा यु॒गं वि शा॑रि इन्द्रः॑ पात॒ल्ये॑ ददतां॒ शरी॑तो॒ररि॑ष्टनेमे अ॒भि नः॑ सचस्व॥
      sthirau gāvau bhavatāṃ vīḷurakṣo meṣā vi varhi mā yugaṃ vi śāri indraḥ pātalye dadatāṃ śarītorariṣṭaneme abhi naḥ sacasva.
      Strong be the pair of oxen, firm the axles, let not the pole slip nor the yoke be broken.
      May Indra, keep the yoke-pins from decaying: attend us, thou whose fellies are uninjured.
  2. brace
  3. pair, couple, team (especially of animals)
  4. a race of men, generation
  5. a period or astronomical cycle of 5 (rarely 6) years, a lustrum (especially in the cycle of Jupiter)
  6. an age of the world, long mundane period of years, an eon, era
    • c. 400 BCE, Bhagavad Gītā Chapter IV.8:
      परित्राणाय साधूनां विनाशाय च दुष्कृताम्।
      धर्मसंस्थापनार्थाय संभवामि युगे युगे
      paritrāṇāya sādhūnāṃ vināśāya ca duṣkṛtām.
      dharmasaṃsthāpanārthāya saṃbhavāmi yuge yuge .
      [And the Lord said:] "To deliver the pious and destroy the miscreants and to reestablish Dharma, I appear eon after eon."
  7. a measure of length
  8. name of a particular position or configuration of the moon

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of युग (yugá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative युगम्
yugám
युगे
yugé
युगानि / युगा¹
yugā́ni / yugā́¹
Vocative युग
yúga
युगे
yúge
युगानि / युगा¹
yúgāni / yúgā¹
Accusative युगम्
yugám
युगे
yugé
युगानि / युगा¹
yugā́ni / yugā́¹
Instrumental युगेन
yugéna
युगाभ्याम्
yugā́bhyām
युगैः / युगेभिः¹
yugaíḥ / yugébhiḥ¹
Dative युगाय
yugā́ya
युगाभ्याम्
yugā́bhyām
युगेभ्यः
yugébhyaḥ
Ablative युगात्
yugā́t
युगाभ्याम्
yugā́bhyām
युगेभ्यः
yugébhyaḥ
Genitive युगस्य
yugásya
युगयोः
yugáyoḥ
युगानाम्
yugā́nām
Locative युगे
yugé
युगयोः
yugáyoḥ
युगेषु
yugéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]