युग

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See also: योग

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit युग (yugá).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /jʊɡ/

Noun[edit]

युग (yugm (Urdu spelling یگ‎)

  1. age, epoch

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

युग n

  1. Devanagari script form of yuga (“pair; generation”)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

युग m

  1. Devanagari script form of yuga (“yoke”)

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *yugám, from Proto-Indo-European *yugóm. Cognate with Avestan 𐬫𐬎𐬎𐬀(yuua), Ancient Greek ζυγόν (zugón), Latin iugum, Old English ġeoc (whence English yoke).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

युग (yugán

  1. yoke
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 3.53.17:
      स्थिरौ गावौ भवतां वीळुरक्षो मेषा वि वर्हि मा युगं वि शारि ।
      इन्द्रः पातल्ये ददतां शरीतोररिष्टनेमे अभि नः सचस्व ॥
      sthirau gāvau bhavatāṃ vīḷurakṣo meṣā vi varhi mā yugaṃ vi śāri .
      indraḥ pātalye dadatāṃ śarītorariṣṭaneme abhi naḥ sacasva .
      Strong be the pair of oxen, firm the axles, let not the pole slip nor the yoke be broken.
      May Indra, keep the yoke-pins from decaying: attend us, thou whose fellies are uninjured.
  2. brace
  3. pair, couple, team (especially of animals)
  4. a race of men, generation
  5. a period or astronomical cycle of 5 (rarely 6) years, a lustrum (especially in the cycle of Jupiter)
  6. an age of the world, long mundane period of years, an eon, era
    • c. 400 BCE, Bhagavad Gītā Chapter IV.8:
      परित्राणाय साधूनां विनाशाय च दुष्कृताम्।
      धर्मसंस्थापनार्थाय संभवामि युगे युगे
      paritrāṇāya sādhūnāṃ vināśāya ca duṣkṛtām.
      dharmasaṃsthāpanārthāya saṃbhavāmi yuge yuge .
      [And the Lord said:] "To deliver the pious and destroy the miscreants and to reestablish Dharma, I appear eon after eon."
  7. a measure of length
  8. name of a particular position or configuration of the moon

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of युग (yugá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative युगम्
yugám
युगे
yugé
युगानि / युगा¹
yugā́ni / yugā́¹
Vocative युग
yúga
युगे
yúge
युगानि / युगा¹
yúgāni / yúgā¹
Accusative युगम्
yugám
युगे
yugé
युगानि / युगा¹
yugā́ni / yugā́¹
Instrumental युगेन
yugéna
युगाभ्याम्
yugā́bhyām
युगैः / युगेभिः¹
yugaíḥ / yugébhiḥ¹
Dative युगाय
yugā́ya
युगाभ्याम्
yugā́bhyām
युगेभ्यः
yugébhyaḥ
Ablative युगात्
yugā́t
युगाभ्याम्
yugā́bhyām
युगेभ्यः
yugébhyaḥ
Genitive युगस्य
yugásya
युगयोः
yugáyoḥ
युगानाम्
yugā́nām
Locative युगे
yugé
युगयोः
yugáyoḥ
युगेषु
yugéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]