Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/yugóm

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *yewg- (to yoke, harness, join) +‎ *-óm.

Noun[edit]

*yugóm n (non-ablauting)

  1. yoke

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
singular
nominative *yugóm
genitive *yugósyo
singular dual plural
nominative *yugóm *yugóy(h₁) *yugéh₂
vocative *yugóm *yugóy(h₁) *yugéh₂
accusative *yugóm *yugóy(h₁) *yugéh₂
genitive *yugósyo *? *yugóoHom
ablative *yugéad *? *yugómos
dative *yugóey *? *yugómos
locative *yugéy, *yugóy *? *yugóysu
instrumental *yugóh₁ *? *yugṓys

Comment[edit]

The form *Hyugóm (with laryngeal) is a reconstruction by Rix (1976: 70)

Descendants[edit]

  • Anatolian: [Term?]
  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *jū́ˀga (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *yugom (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *juką (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *dzugón
  • Indo-Iranian: *yugám (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *jugom (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: [Term?]
    • Tocharian A: yokäm (door)