रश्मि

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *raśmíṣ, form Proto-Indo-Iranian *raĉmíš, from *raĉ- (to bind, tie), whence also Sanskrit रश्मन् (raśmán), रशना (raśanā́). Cognate with Middle Persian lsn' (rasan), Persian رسن (rasan). Compare also Old Armenian առասան (aṙasan), an Iranian borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɽɐɕ.mí/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɽɐɕ.mi/
  • Noun[edit]

    रश्मि (raśmím (rarely f)

    1. rope, string, cord
      Synonyms: रज्जु (rájju), सूत्र (sū́tra)
    2. rein, bridle
      Synonym: वागा (vāgā)
    3. measuring cord
      • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 8.25.18
        परि यो रश्मिना दिवोऽन्तान्ममे पृथिव्याः ।
        उभे आ पप्रौ रोदसी महित्वा ॥
        pari yo raśminā divo’ntānmame pṛthivyāḥ .
        ubhe ā paprau rodasī mahitvā .
        He who hath measured with his ray the boundaries of heaven and earth,
        And with his majesty hath filled the two worlds full,
    4. ray of light

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine i-stem declension of रश्मि (raśmí)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative रश्मिः
    raśmíḥ
    रश्मी
    raśmī́
    रश्मयः
    raśmáyaḥ
    Vocative रश्मे
    ráśme
    रश्मी
    ráśmī
    रश्मयः
    ráśmayaḥ
    Accusative रश्मिम्
    raśmím
    रश्मी
    raśmī́
    रश्मीन्
    raśmī́n
    Instrumental रश्मिना / रश्म्या¹
    raśmínā / raśmyā̀¹
    रश्मिभ्याम्
    raśmíbhyām
    रश्मिभिः
    raśmíbhiḥ
    Dative रश्मये / रश्म्ये²
    raśmáye / raśmyè²
    रश्मिभ्याम्
    raśmíbhyām
    रश्मिभ्यः
    raśmíbhyaḥ
    Ablative रश्मेः / रश्म्यः²
    raśméḥ / raśmyàḥ²
    रश्मिभ्याम्
    raśmíbhyām
    रश्मिभ्यः
    raśmíbhyaḥ
    Genitive रश्मेः / रश्म्यः²
    raśméḥ / raśmyàḥ²
    रश्म्योः
    raśmyóḥ
    रश्मीनाम्
    raśmīnā́m
    Locative रश्मौ
    raśmaú
    रश्म्योः
    raśmyóḥ
    रश्मिषु
    raśmíṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic
    • ²Less common
    Feminine i-stem declension of रश्मि (raśmí)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative रश्मिः
    raśmíḥ
    रश्मी
    raśmī́
    रश्मयः
    raśmáyaḥ
    Vocative रश्मे
    ráśme
    रश्मी
    ráśmī
    रश्मयः
    ráśmayaḥ
    Accusative रश्मिम्
    raśmím
    रश्मी
    raśmī́
    रश्मीः
    raśmī́ḥ
    Instrumental रश्म्या
    raśmyā̀
    रश्मिभ्याम्
    raśmíbhyām
    रश्मिभिः
    raśmíbhiḥ
    Dative रश्मये / रश्म्ये¹ / रश्म्यै²
    raśmáye / raśmyè¹ / raśmyaì²
    रश्मिभ्याम्
    raśmíbhyām
    रश्मिभ्यः
    raśmíbhyaḥ
    Ablative रश्मेः / रश्म्याः²
    raśméḥ / raśmyā̀ḥ²
    रश्मिभ्याम्
    raśmíbhyām
    रश्मिभ्यः
    raśmíbhyaḥ
    Genitive रश्मेः / रश्म्याः²
    raśméḥ / raśmyā̀ḥ²
    रश्म्योः
    raśmyóḥ
    रश्मीनाम्
    raśmīnā́m
    Locative रश्मौ / रश्म्याम्²
    raśmaú / raśmyā̀m²
    रश्म्योः
    raśmyóḥ
    रश्मिषु
    raśmíṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Less common
    • ²Later Sanskrit

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 869
    • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “raśmí (10648)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press
    • Lubotsky, The System of Nominal Accentuation in Sanskrit and Proto-Indo-European