सूत्र

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit सूत्र (sūtra). Doublet of सूत (sūt).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

सूत्र (sūtram

  1. thread, yarn, string
  2. a source, reference; text
  3. (Hinduism) sutra: a rule
  4. (mathematics) formula
    प्रारंभिक सूत्रprārambhik sūtrabasic formulae
  5. (chemistry) formula
    Synonyms: रसायनिक सूत्र (rasāyanik sūtra)

Declension[edit]

Declension of सूत्र
Singular Plural
Direct सूत्र (sūtra) सूत्र (sūtra)
Oblique सूत्र (sūtra) सूत्रों (sūtrõ)
Vocative सूत्र (sūtra) सूत्रो (sūtro)

References[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *súh₁-trom, from *syuh₁- (to sew). Synchronically derivable from the root सिव् (siv, to sew), and connected with सूचि (sūci) and सूना (sūnā).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /s̪úːt̪.ɽɐ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈs̪uːt̪.ɽɐ/
  • Noun[edit]

    सूत्र (sū́tran

    1. thread, yarn, string, line, cord, wire
    2. a measuring line
      सूत्रपात (sū́tra-pāta)applying the measuring line
    3. the sacred thread or cord worn by the first three classes (compare यज्ञोपवीत (yajño-pavīta))
    4. a girdle
    5. a fibre
    6. a line, stroke
    7. a sketch, plan
    8. that which like a thread runs through or holds together everything, rule, direction
    9. a short sentence or aphoristic rule, and any work or manual consisting of strings of such rules; hanging together like threads; or, alternatively, written on palm leaves which are strung together sutra
    10. a kind of tree

    Declension[edit]

    Neuter a-stem declension of सूत्र (sū́tra)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative सूत्रम्
    sū́tram
    सूत्रे
    sū́tre
    सूत्राणि / सूत्रा¹
    sū́trāṇi / sū́trā¹
    Vocative सूत्र
    sū́tra
    सूत्रे
    sū́tre
    सूत्राणि / सूत्रा¹
    sū́trāṇi / sū́trā¹
    Accusative सूत्रम्
    sū́tram
    सूत्रे
    sū́tre
    सूत्राणि / सूत्रा¹
    sū́trāṇi / sū́trā¹
    Instrumental सूत्रेण
    sū́treṇa
    सूत्राभ्याम्
    sū́trābhyām
    सूत्रैः / सूत्रेभिः¹
    sū́traiḥ / sū́trebhiḥ¹
    Dative सूत्राय
    sū́trāya
    सूत्राभ्याम्
    sū́trābhyām
    सूत्रेभ्यः
    sū́trebhyaḥ
    Ablative सूत्रात्
    sū́trāt
    सूत्राभ्याम्
    sū́trābhyām
    सूत्रेभ्यः
    sū́trebhyaḥ
    Genitive सूत्रस्य
    sū́trasya
    सूत्रयोः
    sū́trayoḥ
    सूत्राणाम्
    sū́trāṇām
    Locative सूत्रे
    sū́tre
    सूत्रयोः
    sū́trayoḥ
    सूत्रेषु
    sū́treṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1241