शाप

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Hindi[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit शाप (śāpa).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ʃɑːp/, [ʃäːp]

Noun[edit]

शाप (śāpm (Urdu spelling شاپ‎)

  1. curse, bane
    Synonym: अभिशाप (abhiśāp)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Vṛddhi derivative of the root शप् (śap, to curse). Compare Persian سب(sab, curse, insult).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

शाप (śāpam

  1. spell
  2. ban
  3. curse
    • c. 400 CE, Kālidāsa, Raghuvaṃśa 1.78:
      शापो न त्वया राजन्न च सारथिना श्रुतः।
      नदत्याकाशगङ्गायाः स्रोतस्युद्दमदिग्गजे
      sa śāpo na tvayā rājanna ca sārathinā śrutaḥ.
      nadatyākāśagaṅgāyāḥ srotasyuddamadiggaje
      ”O king! Not you, nor the charioteer did hear that curse because there were
      legendary elephants rutty amid the strident torrents of the celestial Ganga”

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of शाप (śāpa)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शापः
śāpaḥ
शापौ
śāpau
शापाः / शापासः¹
śāpāḥ / śāpāsaḥ¹
Vocative शाप
śāpa
शापौ
śāpau
शापाः / शापासः¹
śāpāḥ / śāpāsaḥ¹
Accusative शापम्
śāpam
शापौ
śāpau
शापान्
śāpān
Instrumental शापेन
śāpena
शापाभ्याम्
śāpābhyām
शापैः / शापेभिः¹
śāpaiḥ / śāpebhiḥ¹
Dative शापाय
śāpāya
शापाभ्याम्
śāpābhyām
शापेभ्यः
śāpebhyaḥ
Ablative शापात्
śāpāt
शापाभ्याम्
śāpābhyām
शापेभ्यः
śāpebhyaḥ
Genitive शापस्य
śāpasya
शापयोः
śāpayoḥ
शापानाम्
śāpānām
Locative शापे
śāpe
शापयोः
śāpayoḥ
शापेषु
śāpeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]