शिव

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: श्वा and शव

Sanskrit[edit]

Sanskrit Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sa

Etymology[edit]

According to the Uṇādi-sūtra i, 153, from verbal root शी(śī, to lie down), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱey-; alternatively from श्वि(śvi, to swell); compare शवस्(śavas, strength, superiority), सु-शिश्वि(su-śiśvi, growing well).

Adjective[edit]

शिव ‎(śivá)

  1. auspicious, propitious, gracious, favourable, benign, kind, benevolent, friendly, dear
    शिवम्(śivám)kindly, tenderly
  2. happy, fortunate

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of शिव
Nom. sg. शिवः(śivaḥ)
Gen. sg. शिवस्य(śivasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शिवः(śivaḥ) शिवौ(śivau) शिवाः(śivāḥ)
Vocative शिव(śiva) शिवौ(śivau) शिवाः(śivāḥ)
Accusative शिवम्(śivam) शिवौ(śivau) शिवान्(śivān)
Instrumental शिवेन(śivena) शिवाभ्याम्(śivābhyām) शिवैः(śivaiḥ)
Dative शिवाय(śivāya) शिवाभ्याम्(śivābhyām) शिवेभ्यः(śivebhyaḥ)
Ablative शिवात्(śivāt) शिवाभ्याम्(śivābhyām) शिवेभ्यः(śivebhyaḥ)
Genitive शिवस्य(śivasya) शिवयोः(śivayoḥ) शिवानाम्(śivānām)
Locative शिवे(śive) शिवयोः(śivayoḥ) शिवेषु(śiveṣu)
Feminine ā-stem declension of शिव
Nom. sg. शिवा(śivā)
Gen. sg. शिवायाः(śivāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शिवा(śivā) शिवे(śive) शिवाः(śivāḥ)
Vocative शिवे(śive) शिवे(śive) शिवाः(śivāḥ)
Accusative शिवाम्(śivām) शिवे(śive) शिवाः(śivāḥ)
Instrumental शिवया(śivayā) शिवाभ्याम्(śivābhyām) शिवाभिः(śivābhiḥ)
Dative शिवायै(śivāyai) शिवाभ्याम्(śivābhyām) शिवाभ्यः(śivābhyaḥ)
Ablative शिवायाः(śivāyāḥ) शिवाभ्याम्(śivābhyām) शिवाभ्यः(śivābhyaḥ)
Genitive शिवायाः(śivāyāḥ) शिवयोः(śivayoḥ) शिवानाम्(śivānām)
Locative शिवायाम्(śivāyām) शिवयोः(śivayoḥ) शिवासु(śivāsu)
Neuter a-stem declension of शिव
Nom. sg. शिवम्(śivam)
Gen. sg. शिवस्य(śivasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शिवम्(śivam) शिवे(śive) शिवानि(śivāni)
Vocative शिव(śiva) शिवे(śive) शिवानि(śivāni)
Accusative शिवम्(śivam) शिवे(śive) शिवानि(śivāni)
Instrumental शिवेन(śivena) शिवाभ्याम्(śivābhyām) शिवैः(śivaiḥ)
Dative शिवा(śivā) शिवाभ्याम्(śivābhyām) शिवेभ्यः(śivebhyaḥ)
Ablative शिवात्(śivāt) शिवाभ्याम्(śivābhyām) शिवेभ्यः(śivebhyaḥ)
Genitive शिवस्य(śivasya) शिवयोः(śivayoḥ) शिवानाम्(śivānām)
Locative शिवे(śive) शिवयोः(śivayoḥ) शिवेषु(śiveṣu)

Noun[edit]

शिव ‎(śivám

  1. happiness, welfare
  2. liberation, final emancipation
  3. (Can we clean up(+) this sense?) = शिवलिङ्ग(śiva-liṅga)
  4. any god
  5. a euphemistic name of a jackal (generally शिवा(śivā))
  6. sacred writings
  7. name of the sixth month
  8. a post for cows (to which they are tied or for them to rub against)
  9. bdellium
  10. the fragrant bark of Limonia acidissima ( <= Feronia elephantum)
  11. (Can we clean up(+) this sense?) Marsilia dentata [sic][1]
  12. a kind of thorn-apple or = पुण्डरीक(puṇḍarīka) (the tree)
  13. quicksilver (compare शिवबीज(śiva-bīja))
  14. a particular auspicious constellation
  15. a demon who inflicts diseases
  16. (Can we clean up(+) this sense?) = शुक्र(śukra), काल(kāla), वसु(vasu)
  17. the swift antelope
  18. rum, spirit distilled from molasses
  19. buttermilk
  20. ruby
  21. peg
  22. time

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of शिव
Nom. sg. शिवः(śivaḥ)
Gen. sg. शिवस्य(śivasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शिवः(śivaḥ) शिवौ(śivau) शिवाः(śivāḥ)
Vocative शिव(śiva) शिवौ(śivau) शिवाः(śivāḥ)
Accusative शिवम्(śivam) शिवौ(śivau) शिवान्(śivān)
Instrumental शिवेन(śivena) शिवाभ्याम्(śivābhyām) शिवैः(śivaiḥ)
Dative शिवाय(śivāya) शिवाभ्याम्(śivābhyām) शिवेभ्यः(śivebhyaḥ)
Ablative शिवात्(śivāt) शिवाभ्याम्(śivābhyām) शिवेभ्यः(śivebhyaḥ)
Genitive शिवस्य(śivasya) शिवयोः(śivayoḥ) शिवानाम्(śivānām)
Locative शिवे(śive) शिवयोः(śivayoḥ) शिवेषु(śiveṣu)

Noun[edit]

शिव ‎(śiván

  1. welfare, prosperity, bliss
    + आय(āya), एन(éna) or एभिस्(ébhis)auspiciously, fortunately, happily, luckily
    शिवाय गम्यताम्(śivāya gamyatām)a prosperous journey to you!
  2. final emancipation
  3. water
  4. rock-salt
  5. sea salt
  6. a kind of borax
  7. iron
  8. myrobalan
  9. Tabernaemontana divaricata ( <= Tabernaemontana coronaria).
  10. sandal

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of शिव
Nom. sg. शिवम्(śivam)
Gen. sg. शिवस्य(śivasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शिवम्(śivam) शिवे(śive) शिवानि(śivāni)
Vocative शिव(śiva) शिवे(śive) शिवानि(śivāni)
Accusative शिवम्(śivam) शिवे(śive) शिवानि(śivāni)
Instrumental शिवेन(śivena) शिवाभ्याम्(śivābhyām) शिवैः(śivaiḥ)
Dative शिवा(śivā) शिवाभ्याम्(śivābhyām) शिवेभ्यः(śivebhyaḥ)
Ablative शिवात्(śivāt) शिवाभ्याम्(śivābhyām) शिवेभ्यः(śivebhyaḥ)
Genitive शिवस्य(śivasya) शिवयोः(śivayoḥ) शिवानाम्(śivānām)
Locative शिवे(śive) शिवयोः(śivayoḥ) शिवेषु(śiveṣu)

Proper noun[edit]

शिव ‎(śivam ‎(śivá)

  1. Shiva, the auspicious one
  2. a kind of second Shiva, a person who has attained a particular stage of perfection or emancipation
  3. name of a son of मेधातिथि(medhā-tithi)
  4. name of a son of इध्मजिह्व(idhma-jihva)
  5. name of a prince and various authors
  6. name of a fraudulent person
  7. (in the dual) the god Shiva and his wife
  8. name of a class of gods in the third manvantara
  9. name of a class of Brahmins who have attained a particular degree of perfection like that of Shiva

Proper noun[edit]

शिव ‎(śivan ‎(śivá)

  1. name of a Purana (= शिवपुराण(śiva-purāṇa) or शैव(śaiva)
  2. of the house in which the Pāṇḍavas were to be burned
  3. name of a वर्ष(varṣa) in प्लक्षद्वीप(plakṣa-dvīpa) and in जम्बुद्वीप(jambu-dvīpa)

References[edit]

  1. ^ probably a species of Marsilea, aquatic ferns resembling the leaves of clover.