श्वशुर

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *swéḱuros. Cognates include Ancient Greek ἑκυρός (hekurós), Latin socer, Old English sweor.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

श्वशुर (śváśuram

  1. father-in-law (either the husband’s or the wife’s father)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of श्वशुर (śváśura)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्वशुरः
śváśuraḥ
श्वशुरौ
śváśurau
श्वशुराः / श्वशुरासः¹
śváśurāḥ / śváśurāsaḥ¹
Vocative श्वशुर
śváśura
श्वशुरौ
śváśurau
श्वशुराः / श्वशुरासः¹
śváśurāḥ / śváśurāsaḥ¹
Accusative श्वशुरम्
śváśuram
श्वशुरौ
śváśurau
श्वशुरान्
śváśurān
Instrumental श्वशुरेण
śváśureṇa
श्वशुराभ्याम्
śváśurābhyām
श्वशुरैः / श्वशुरेभिः¹
śváśuraiḥ / śváśurebhiḥ¹
Dative श्वशुराय
śváśurāya
श्वशुराभ्याम्
śváśurābhyām
श्वशुरेभ्यः
śváśurebhyaḥ
Ablative श्वशुरात्
śváśurāt
श्वशुराभ्याम्
śváśurābhyām
श्वशुरेभ्यः
śváśurebhyaḥ
Genitive श्वशुरस्य
śváśurasya
श्वशुरयोः
śváśurayoḥ
श्वशुराणाम्
śváśurāṇām
Locative श्वशुरे
śváśure
श्वशुरयोः
śváśurayoḥ
श्वशुरेषु
śváśureṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Usage Notes[edit]

It can indicate both the husband’s or the wife’s father. In the oldest language however it only denotes the husband’s father.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1105/3