श्वशुर

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *swáśuras, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *swáĉuras, from Proto-Indo-European *swéḱuros. Cognates include Ancient Greek ἑκυρός (hekurós), Latin socer, Old English sweor.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɕʋɐ́.ɕu.ɽɐ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɕʋɐ.ɕu.ɽɐ/
  • Noun[edit]

    श्वशुर (śváśuram

    1. father-in-law (either the husband’s or the wife’s father)

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine a-stem declension of श्वशुर (śváśura)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative श्वशुरः
    śváśuraḥ
    श्वशुरौ
    śváśurau
    श्वशुराः / श्वशुरासः¹
    śváśurāḥ / śváśurāsaḥ¹
    Vocative श्वशुर
    śváśura
    श्वशुरौ
    śváśurau
    श्वशुराः / श्वशुरासः¹
    śváśurāḥ / śváśurāsaḥ¹
    Accusative श्वशुरम्
    śváśuram
    श्वशुरौ
    śváśurau
    श्वशुरान्
    śváśurān
    Instrumental श्वशुरेण
    śváśureṇa
    श्वशुराभ्याम्
    śváśurābhyām
    श्वशुरैः / श्वशुरेभिः¹
    śváśuraiḥ / śváśurebhiḥ¹
    Dative श्वशुराय
    śváśurāya
    श्वशुराभ्याम्
    śváśurābhyām
    श्वशुरेभ्यः
    śváśurebhyaḥ
    Ablative श्वशुरात्
    śváśurāt
    श्वशुराभ्याम्
    śváśurābhyām
    श्वशुरेभ्यः
    śváśurebhyaḥ
    Genitive श्वशुरस्य
    śváśurasya
    श्वशुरयोः
    śváśurayoḥ
    श्वशुराणाम्
    śváśurāṇām
    Locative श्वशुरे
    śváśure
    श्वशुरयोः
    śváśurayoḥ
    श्वशुरेषु
    śváśureṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Usage Notes[edit]

    It can indicate both the husband’s or the wife’s father. In the oldest language however it only denotes the husband’s father.

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1105/3