सरल

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit सरल (sarala).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /sə.ɾəl/, [s̪ə.ɾəl̪]

Adjective[edit]

सरल (saral) (indeclinable, Urdu spelling سرل‎)

  1. easy
    Synonyms: आसान (āsān), सुगम (sugam), सहज (sahaj)
    Antonyms: कठिन (kaṭhin), मुश्किल (muśkil), दुर्गम (durgam)
  2. simple, straightforward
    हिंदी भाषा का व्याकरण सरल है।
    hindī bhāṣā kā vyākraṇ saral hai.
    The grammar of Hindi is simple.
  3. straight
    रेत में उसने एक सरल रेखा बनाई।
    ret mẽ usne ek saral rekhā banāī.
    He made a straight line in the sand.
    Synonym: सीधा (sīdhā)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

सरल (sarala)

  1. ‘running on’, straight (not ‘crooked’)
  2. outstretched
  3. right, correct
  4. upright, sincere, candid, honest, artless, simple
  5. real (not ‘ sham ’)
  6. = विगीत L.

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of सरल (sarala)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सरलः
saralaḥ
सरलौ
saralau
सरलाः / सरलासः¹
saralāḥ / saralāsaḥ¹
Vocative सरल
sarala
सरलौ
saralau
सरलाः / सरलासः¹
saralāḥ / saralāsaḥ¹
Accusative सरलम्
saralam
सरलौ
saralau
सरलान्
saralān
Instrumental सरलेन
saralena
सरलाभ्याम्
saralābhyām
सरलैः / सरलेभिः¹
saralaiḥ / saralebhiḥ¹
Dative सरलाय
saralāya
सरलाभ्याम्
saralābhyām
सरलेभ्यः
saralebhyaḥ
Ablative सरलात्
saralāt
सरलाभ्याम्
saralābhyām
सरलेभ्यः
saralebhyaḥ
Genitive सरलस्य
saralasya
सरलयोः
saralayoḥ
सरलानाम्
saralānām
Locative सरले
sarale
सरलयोः
saralayoḥ
सरलेषु
saraleṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Feminine ā-stem declension of सरला (saralā)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सरला
saralā
सरले
sarale
सरलाः
saralāḥ
Vocative सरले
sarale
सरले
sarale
सरलाः
saralāḥ
Accusative सरलाम्
saralām
सरले
sarale
सरलाः
saralāḥ
Instrumental सरलया / सरला¹
saralayā / saralā¹
सरलाभ्याम्
saralābhyām
सरलाभिः
saralābhiḥ
Dative सरलायै
saralāyai
सरलाभ्याम्
saralābhyām
सरलाभ्यः
saralābhyaḥ
Ablative सरलायाः
saralāyāḥ
सरलाभ्याम्
saralābhyām
सरलाभ्यः
saralābhyaḥ
Genitive सरलायाः
saralāyāḥ
सरलयोः
saralayoḥ
सरलानाम्
saralānām
Locative सरलायाम्
saralāyām
सरलयोः
saralayoḥ
सरलासु
saralāsu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Neuter a-stem declension of सरल (sarala)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सरलम्
saralam
सरले
sarale
सरलानि / सरला¹
saralāni / saralā¹
Vocative सरल
sarala
सरले
sarale
सरलानि / सरला¹
saralāni / saralā¹
Accusative सरलम्
saralam
सरले
sarale
सरलानि / सरला¹
saralāni / saralā¹
Instrumental सरलेन
saralena
सरलाभ्याम्
saralābhyām
सरलैः / सरलेभिः¹
saralaiḥ / saralebhiḥ¹
Dative सरलाय
saralāya
सरलाभ्याम्
saralābhyām
सरलेभ्यः
saralebhyaḥ
Ablative सरलात्
saralāt
सरलाभ्याम्
saralābhyām
सरलेभ्यः
saralebhyaḥ
Genitive सरलस्य
saralasya
सरलयोः
saralayoḥ
सरलानाम्
saralānām
Locative सरले
sarale
सरलयोः
saralayoḥ
सरलेषु
saraleṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Noun[edit]

सरल (saralam

  1. a species of pine tree, Pinus roxburghii
  2. a kind of bird, the grey peacock-pheasant (Pavo bicalcaratus L., now Polyplectron bicalcaratum)
  3. fire
  4. a बुद्ध
  5. turpeth (Operculina turpethum L.)
  6. name of a river

Noun[edit]

सरल (saralan

  1. resin of the pine
  2. a particular high number

References[edit]

  • Monier William's Sanskrit-English Dictionary, 2nd Ed. 1899.