กันดาร

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Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Pali kantāra (desert; waste; wilderness) or Sanskrit कान्तार (kāntāra, forest; wilderness). Cognate with Modern Khmer កន្តារ (kɑntaa), Lao ກັນດານ (kan dān).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographicกันดาร
k ạ n ɗ ā r
Phonemicกัน-ดาน
k ạ n – ɗ ā n
[bound form]
กัน-ดาน-
k ạ n – ɗ ā n –
[bound form]
กัน-ดา-ระ-
k ạ n – ɗ ā – r a –
RomanizationPaiboongan-daangan-daan-gan-daa-rá-
Royal Institutekan-dankan-dan-kan-da-ra-
(standard) IPA(key)/kan˧.daːn˧//kan˧.daːn˧.//kan˧.daː˧.ra˦˥./
Homophonesกันดาล

Adjective[edit]

กันดาร (gan-daan) (abstract noun ความกันดาร)

  1. (formal, of a place, area, region, etc)
    1. undergoing hardship; experiencing difficulties; suffering a famine; undergoing a shortage (of food, water, etc).
    2. arid; dried; barren; desert.
    3. remote; rural.
    4. difficult to access; hard to go or travel (to, through, etc).
  2. (formal, of a road, course, way, path, etc) difficult.

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms