ἀείδω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *awéidō.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /a.ěː.dɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /aˈi.do/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /aˈi.ðo/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /aˈi.ðo/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /aˈi.ðo/
  • Verb[edit]

    ἀείδω (aeídō) (Epic, Tragic, Ionic, Doric)

    1. (transitive, intransitive) To sing, chant, praise
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 1.1–2
        Μῆνιν ἄειδε, θεᾱ́, Πηληϊάδε͜ω Ἀχιλῆος / οὐλομένην, ἣ μῡρί’ Ἀχαιοῖς ἄλγε’ ἔθηκε ...
        Mênin áeide, theā́, Pēlēïáde͜ō Akhilêos / ouloménēn, hḕ mūrí’ Akhaioîs álge’ éthēke ...
        • 1898 translation by Samuel Butler
          Sing, O goddess, the rage of Achilles son of Peleus, that brought countless ills upon the Achaeans.
    2. (transitive, intransitive) To make various noises: hoot, howl, croak
      • 385 BCE – 380 BCE, Plato, Symposium 223c
        ἐξεγρέσθαι δὲ πρὸς ἡμέραν ἤδη ἀλεκτρυόνων ᾀδόντων
        exegrésthai dè pròs hēméran ḗdē alektruónōn āidóntōn
        and [Aristodemus] was woken up when it was already nearly day by cocks crowing
    3. (transitive) To celebrate, praise

    Inflection[edit]

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