ἠώς

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See also: Ἠώς

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

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From Proto-Hellenic *āhwōs = *ᾱϝ̔ως ‎(*āwhōs), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éwsōs ‎(dawn), which was also personified as a goddess of dawn in Proto-Indo-European religion, corresponding to Ancient Greek goddess Ἠώς ‎(Ēṓs). Cognates include Latin Aurora/aurora, Sanskrit उषस् ‎(uṣás, dawn; Ushas) and possibly Old English Ēostre and Old Armenian այգ ‎(ayg), առաւաւտ ‎(aṙawawt).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἠώς ‎(ēṓsf ‎(genitive ἠοῦς); third declension (Epic, Ionic)

  1. The morning red, daybreak, dawn
  2. Dawn as a length of time: morning
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 8.66
      Ὄφρα μὲν ἠὼς ἦν καὶ ἀέξετο ῑ̔ερὸν ἦμαρ,
      While the dawn lasted and the holy day grew,
    1. (accusative, ἠῶ) through the morning
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 2.434
        παννυχίη μέν ῥ᾽ ἥ γε καὶ ἠῶ πεῖρε κέλευθον.
        All night and through the morning [the ship] clove her way.
  3. A morning as a unit of time: day
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 1.493
      ἀλλ᾽ ὅτε δή ῥ᾽ ἐκ τοῖο δυωδεκάτη γένετ᾽ ἠώς,
      But when the twelfth dawn since then had come,
  4. The direction of dawn, the East

Usage notes[edit]

Epic locative is ἠῶθι ‎(ēôthi).

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • ἠώς in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ἠώς in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ἠώς in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ἠώς» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963