aurora

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Aurora, auroră, aurorą, and Aurorą

English[edit]

An aurora seen above Bear Lake, Alaska, USA

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aurōra (dawn). Doublet of Eos.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /əˈɹɔː.ɹə/, /ɔːˈɹɔː.ɹə/
  • (file)
  • (US) IPA(key): /əˈɹɔɹ.ə/, /ɔˈɹɔɹ.ə/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːɹə
  • Hyphenation: au‧ro‧ra

Noun[edit]

aurora (plural auroras or aurorae)

  1. An atmospheric phenomenon created by charged particles from the sun striking the upper atmosphere, creating coloured lights in the sky. It is usually named australis or borealis based on whether it is in the Southern or Northern Hemisphere respectively.

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aurōra.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑu̯ro(ː)rɑ/, [ˈɑ̝u̯ro̞(ː)rɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ɑurorɑ
  • Syllabification(key): au‧ro‧ra

Noun[edit]

aurora

  1. Synonym of auroraperhonen (orange tip butterfly)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of aurora (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative aurora aurorat
genitive auroran aurorien
partitive auroraa auroria
illative auroraan auroriin
singular plural
nominative aurora aurorat
accusative nom. aurora aurorat
gen. auroran
genitive auroran aurorien
aurorainrare
partitive auroraa auroria
inessive aurorassa aurorissa
elative aurorasta aurorista
illative auroraan auroriin
adessive auroralla aurorilla
ablative auroralta aurorilta
allative auroralle aurorille
essive aurorana aurorina
translative auroraksi auroriksi
abessive auroratta auroritta
instructive aurorin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of aurora (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative aurorani aurorani
accusative nom. aurorani aurorani
gen. aurorani
genitive aurorani aurorieni
aurorainirare
partitive auroraani auroriani
inessive aurorassani aurorissani
elative aurorastani auroristani
illative auroraani auroriini
adessive aurorallani aurorillani
ablative auroraltani auroriltani
allative auroralleni aurorilleni
essive auroranani aurorinani
translative aurorakseni aurorikseni
abessive aurorattani aurorittani
instructive
comitative aurorineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative aurorasi aurorasi
accusative nom. aurorasi aurorasi
gen. aurorasi
genitive aurorasi auroriesi
auroraisirare
partitive auroraasi auroriasi
inessive aurorassasi aurorissasi
elative aurorastasi auroristasi
illative auroraasi auroriisi
adessive aurorallasi aurorillasi
ablative auroraltasi auroriltasi
allative aurorallesi aurorillesi
essive auroranasi aurorinasi
translative auroraksesi auroriksesi
abessive aurorattasi aurorittasi
instructive
comitative aurorinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative auroramme auroramme
accusative nom. auroramme auroramme
gen. auroramme
genitive auroramme auroriemme
auroraimmerare
partitive auroraamme auroriamme
inessive aurorassamme aurorissamme
elative aurorastamme auroristamme
illative auroraamme auroriimme
adessive aurorallamme aurorillamme
ablative auroraltamme auroriltamme
allative aurorallemme aurorillemme
essive auroranamme aurorinamme
translative auroraksemme auroriksemme
abessive aurorattamme aurorittamme
instructive
comitative aurorinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative auroranne auroranne
accusative nom. auroranne auroranne
gen. auroranne
genitive auroranne aurorienne
aurorainnerare
partitive auroraanne aurorianne
inessive aurorassanne aurorissanne
elative aurorastanne auroristanne
illative auroraanne auroriinne
adessive aurorallanne aurorillanne
ablative auroraltanne auroriltanne
allative aurorallenne aurorillenne
essive aurorananne aurorinanne
translative auroraksenne auroriksenne
abessive aurorattanne aurorittanne
instructive
comitative aurorinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative auroransa auroransa
accusative nom. auroransa auroransa
gen. auroransa
genitive auroransa auroriensa
aurorainsarare
partitive auroraansa auroriaan
auroriansa
inessive aurorassaan
aurorassansa
aurorissaan
aurorissansa
elative aurorastaan
aurorastansa
auroristaan
auroristansa
illative auroraansa auroriinsa
adessive aurorallaan
aurorallansa
aurorillaan
aurorillansa
ablative auroraltaan
auroraltansa
auroriltaan
auroriltansa
allative auroralleen
aurorallensa
aurorilleen
aurorillensa
essive auroranaan
auroranansa
aurorinaan
aurorinansa
translative aurorakseen
auroraksensa
aurorikseen
auroriksensa
abessive aurorattaan
aurorattansa
aurorittaan
aurorittansa
instructive
comitative aurorineen
aurorinensa

Further reading[edit]

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aurōra, from an ā-stem extension of Proto-Italic *auzōs, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éwsōs.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /awˈrɔ.ra/
  • Rhymes: -ɔra
  • Hyphenation: au‧rò‧ra

Noun[edit]

aurora f (plural aurore)

  1. dawn, sunrise
    Synonym: alba
    Antonym: tramonto
  2. aurora

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *auzōs (as Flōra from flōs), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éwsōs (dawn). In the Proto-Indo-European religion it was personified as the goddess of the dawn, corresponding to the Roman goddess Aurōra, from *h₂ews- (east). Cognates include the Latin auster, Ancient Greek Ἠώς (Ēṓs), ἠώς (ēṓs), the Sanskrit उषस् (uṣás, dawn”, “Ushas), English east.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aurōra f (genitive aurōrae); first declension

  1. dawn, sunrise
    Synonym: lūx

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative aurōra aurōrae
Genitive aurōrae aurōrārum
Dative aurōrae aurōrīs
Accusative aurōram aurōrās
Ablative aurōrā aurōrīs
Vocative aurōra aurōrae

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: aurora
  • French: aurore
  • Italian: aurora
  • Romanian: auroră
  • Spanish: aurora
  • Portuguese: aurora

References[edit]

  • aurora”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aurora”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aurora in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • aurora in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • aurora”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aurora”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin aurōra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aurora f

  1. (literary) aurora
    Synonym: zorza poranna

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • aurora in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

aurora

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin aurōra (dawn, sunrise), from the Proto-Indo-European *h₂éwsōs (dawn).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /awˈɾɔ.ɾɐ/ [aʊ̯ˈɾɔ.ɾɐ]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /awˈɾɔ.ɾa/ [aʊ̯ˈɾɔ.ɾa]

  • Hyphenation: au‧ro‧ra

Noun[edit]

aurora f (plural auroras)

  1. dawn; daybreak
  2. Clipping of aurora boreal.
  3. (poetic) Orient

Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

aurora f

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of auroră

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin aurōra.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /auˈɾoɾa/ [au̯ˈɾo.ɾa]
  • Rhymes: -oɾa
  • Syllabification: au‧ro‧ra

Noun[edit]

aurora f (plural auroras)

  1. dawn
  2. aurora

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]