aurora

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Aurora, auroră, aurorą, and Aurorą

English[edit]

An aurora seen above Bear Lake, Alaska, USA

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aurōra (dawn). Doublet of Eos.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /əˈɹɔː.ɹə/, /ɔːˈɹɔː.ɹə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /əˈɹɔɹ.ə/, /ɔˈɹɔɹ.ə/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːɹə
  • Hyphenation: au‧ro‧ra

Noun[edit]

aurora (plural auroras or aurorae)

  1. An atmospheric phenomenon created by charged particles from the sun striking the upper atmosphere, creating coloured lights in the sky. It is usually named australis or borealis based on whether it is in the Southern or Northern Hemisphere respectively.

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

aurora

  1. Synonym of auroraperhonen (orange tip butterfly)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of aurora (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative aurora aurorat
genitive auroran aurorien
partitive auroraa auroria
illative auroraan auroriin
singular plural
nominative aurora aurorat
accusative nom. aurora aurorat
gen. auroran
genitive auroran aurorien
aurorainrare
partitive auroraa auroria
inessive aurorassa aurorissa
elative aurorasta aurorista
illative auroraan auroriin
adessive auroralla aurorilla
ablative auroralta aurorilta
allative auroralle aurorille
essive aurorana aurorina
translative auroraksi auroriksi
instructive aurorin
abessive auroratta auroritta
comitative aurorineen
Possessive forms of aurora (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person aurorani auroramme
2nd person aurorasi auroranne
3rd person auroransa

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aurōra, from an ā-stem extension of Proto-Italic *auzōs, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éwsōs.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /awˈrɔ.ra/
  • Rhymes: -ɔra
  • Hyphenation: au‧rò‧ra

Noun[edit]

aurora f (plural aurore)

  1. dawn, sunrise
    Synonym: alba
    Antonym: tramonto
  2. aurora

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *auzōs (as Flōra from flōs), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éwsōs (dawn). In the Proto-Indo-European religion it was personified as the goddess of the dawn, corresponding to the Roman goddess Aurōra, from *h₂ews- (east).

Cognates include the Latin auster, Ancient Greek Ἠώς (Ēṓs), ἠώς (ēṓs), the Sanskrit उषस् (uṣás, dawn”, “Ushas), and the Old English Ēostre (modern Easter), English east.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aurōra f (genitive aurōrae); first declension

  1. dawn, sunrise
    Synonym: lūx

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative aurōra aurōrae
Genitive aurōrae aurōrārum
Dative aurōrae aurōrīs
Accusative aurōram aurōrās
Ablative aurōrā aurōrīs
Vocative aurōra aurōrae

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: aurora
  • French: aurore
  • Italian: aurora

References[edit]

  • aurora in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aurora in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aurora in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • aurora in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • aurora in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aurora in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin aurōra.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /awˈrɔ.ra/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔra
  • Syllabification: au‧ro‧ra
  • Homophone: Aurora

Noun[edit]

aurora f

  1. (literary) aurora
    Synonym: zorza poranna

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • aurora in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • aurora in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

aurora

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin aurōra (dawn, sunrise), from the Proto-Indo-European *h₂éwsōs (dawn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aurora f (plural auroras)

  1. dawn; daybreak
  2. Clipping of aurora boreal.
  3. (poetic) Orient

Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

aurora f

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of auroră

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aurōra.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /auˈɾoɾa/, [au̯ˈɾo.ɾa]

Noun[edit]

aurora f (plural auroras)

  1. aurora

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]