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U+2822, ⠢

Braille Patterns


The 45th character of the braille script


Invented by Louis Braille, braille cells were arranged in numerical order and assigned to letters of the French alphabet. Most braille alphabets follow this assignment for the 26 letters of the basic Latin alphabet, or for the equivalents of those letters in a non-Latin script.

The first ten braille letters are ⠁⠃⠉⠙⠑⠋⠛⠓⠊⠚, usually assigned to the Latin letters a–j. The next ten repeat that pattern with the addition of a dot at the lower left, the third ten with two dots on the bottom, and the fourth with a dot on the bottom right. The fifth decade is like the first, but shifted downward. Many languages which use braille letters beyond the basic 26 for simple letters in their script follow an approximation of the English values for the additional letters.


  1. (English Braille) A letter rendering the print sequence en
  2. (Igbo, Yoruba Braille)
  3. (Arabic Braille) ـِ‎ (i)
  4. (Amharic Braille) ä
  5. (Bharati braille) short ĕ [apart from Bengali and Oriya Braille]
  6. (Bengali/Oriya braille) য়/
  7. (Chinese Braille) The rime e/o
  8. (Chinese Two-Cell Braille) The onset w-
  9. (Taiwan Braille) The rime ê
  10. (Cantonese Braille) The rime ap
  11. (Vietnamese Braille) tone ◌̉
  12. (Thai Braille) The vowel ื long eu
  13. (Korean Braille) Final (m)
  14. (IPA Braille) ə


‎(transliteration needed)

  1. (English Braille) enough

Punctuation mark[edit]

  1. (French Braille, German Braille) ? (question mark)
  2. (Greek Braille) ; (question mark)


  1. (French Braille) (marks the beginning of emphasis—italics, bold, underlining, etc.—within a word)

See also[edit]

(Braille script):                








    • Braille eight-dot extensions from :