なんか

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Particle[edit]

なんか (nanka

  1. 何か: (adverbial particle, dismissive, derogatory) emphasizes disgust, contempt, or otherwise negative feelings of the speaker: whatever
  2. 何か: This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    なんか(へん)(かん)する
    Nanka hen na kanji ga suru.
    Something feels off (and I can't explain it).
Usage notes[edit]
  • なんか (nanka) is usually followed by a verb which conveys some kind of undervalue, lacking, or dislike, often in the negative.
  • なんか (nanka) can immediately follow i-adjectives, using the adjective's ku form if followed by the negative, or if the adjective is followed by no. Na-adjectives require the copula da or no before nanka.
  • It can follow
    • nouns:
      • 助言(じょげん)なんか()らない。
        Jogen nanka iranai.
        I don't need any of your (damn) advice.
    • verbs:
      • (およ)なんかできない。
        Oyogu nanka dekinai.
        I can't swim.
    • adjectives:
      • (おお)きくなんかないけど、きれいだ。
        Ōkiku nanka nai kedo, kirei da.
        It's not big [or anything], but it's clean.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of なんか – see the following entries.
軟化
[noun] softening
[noun] weakening
[verb] soften
[verb] weaken
南下
[noun] going south
[verb] to go south
(This term, なんか, is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese terms.)